(吉隆坡6月28日讯) 民主行动党政治教育局副主任兼万宜国会议员王建民的媒体文告

依据数据与科学来允许更多经济领域运作,以免更多企业倒闭

首相慕尤丁宣布,我国的复苏计划首阶段将持续至每日新增病例降至4000例以下。这意味着堂食,非必需服务的商店和大部分的服务领域(包括电话和电脑维修店)都不被允许运营。反之,传出多宗感染群和确诊病例的工厂区却被允许继续运营。

政府与其坐等单日新增病例少于4000(我认为这并非适当的指标,因为这并没有考量确诊率、单日筛检次数和加护病房使用率),倒不如在安全和负责任的情况下,根据科学和数据来让更多经济领域重开,避免企业倒闭。

我十分认同工业联盟联合创办人拿督大卫古鲁峇丹所发表的意见:“许多企业,尤其是餐饮业,应该被允许在加强版的防疫措施下运营,如果要等到单日新增病例降至4000例以下,可能是在下周或下月,到时会有更多企业被迫关闭,有些更是永久倒闭。” 根据中小企业商会(SAMENTA)的调查,过半中小企业耗尽资金,无法撑到9月;若全面封城延长,三成的中小企业可能倒闭。据悉,30%的夜店与酒吧已经倒闭,以及12%为这领域供应产品的企业也一样倒闭。许多健身房与户外活动业者也因看不到尽头,而在求助。自从我自荐提供免费咨询服务后,就获得约20宗来自各行各业的询问。

政府也必须准备对受疫情和封锁所重创的领域提供更多财政援助。我的同事兼前青体副部长也曾建议政府拨款1000万拯救体育组织。除了财政拨款,中小企业最需要的是尽早安全和负责任地开业。因此,我建议政府或其他部门,应与利益相关者、领域专家一起制定加强版SOP。例如:堂食可以只限两人,同时只限已接种疫苗的人。此外,政府必须依照空间限定堂食时间,例如咖啡店限15分钟,有较好通风设备的餐厅则可以堂食一小时。这项规划必须在本周内出台,以便政府能及时在下周一(6月5日)允许企业依照加强版SOP开业。

举例来说,工人居家上班、学生线上学习,但有些店买手提电脑与手机却关闭。如果电子器材坏了,我们要买新器材怎么办?这并不合理。

同时,政府应该在有较多冠病簇群的工厂与建筑工地实施更严格的筛检程序和指南。政府也必须准备补贴这些筛检措施,尤其是受疫情重创的制造业中小企业。

我自荐,愿意协助政府或其他部门,与利益相关者、领域专家一起制定加强版SOP。

政府需要针对‘单日确诊病例降至4000例以下才进一步开放经济领域政策’的门槛进行另一次U转,否则还会有更多的企业崩塌,而人们的生活也会更困苦。

附录一:过半中小企业耗尽资金,无法撑到9月;若全面封城延长,三成的中小企业可能倒闭

Source: SAMENTA Mid-Term Survey, 19 to 23 June 2021 (Sample size = 350)

Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, Member of Parliament for Bangi and Assistant Political Education Director for the Democratic Action Party (DAP) and Dr. Kelvin Yii, Member of Parliament for Bandar Kuching and Member of the Health, Science and Innovation Parliamentary Special Select Committee, issued on the 16th of April 2021

10 Questions for YB Khairy Jamaluddin, Coordinating Minister for the National COVID19 Vaccination Program (PICK)

In the leadup to the start of Phase 2 of the National COVID19 Vaccination Program or otherwise known as PICK in BM, there are many questions which need to be asked and hopefully answered. We commend the job which the Coordinating Minister has carried out thus far under challenging circumstances. We hope that he can respond to the following 10 questions as Phase 2 of PICK starts on Monday, the 19th of April, 2021.

1.What is the geographical distribution of those above 60 who have yet to register for the COVID19 vaccine?

The Minister has stated previously that due to the lower than expected vaccine registration rates among those who are 60 and above, Phase 3 registrants will be vaccinated together with those who are scheduled for vaccination under Phase 2. He was also reported as saying, on the 29th of March, 2021, that only two million senior citizens have registered for Phase 2 of the vaccination program representing only 22% of the target.[1] This means there are approximately 7 million senior citizens who have yet to register for the vaccine.

At the time of writing, we don’t know which states/districts they may possibly be located in.

This would be useful information for us to know so that more targeted efforts can be used in order to get more senior citizens to be registered for the vaccine.

2. What steps have been taken to work with state governments in order to increase the vaccine registration rate?

State governments have access to some data for those who are aged 60 and above. For example, in Selangor, those who are 60 and above are eligible to be registered under the Skim Mesra Usia Emas (SMUE)[2]. In Penang, there is the senior citizen’s acknowledgment program in which all senior citizens above 60 are eligible.[3] As far as we know, there has not been any concerted effort to work with the state governments such as Selangor and Penang to mobilize the state government machinery, the elected representatives, and NGOs to register these senior citizens based on existing databases.

Of course, the state governments can mobilize on their own without any initiation on the part of the federal government but given that the federal government is taking the lead on this program, it would be very helpful and perhaps even necessary for the federal government to take the initiative, give the endorsement for and cooperate with the respective state governments to take the necessary actions to register as many senior citizens as possible for the COVID19 vaccine.

3.Will the two week notice for vaccine takers which was initially promised by the Minister be followed? What other measures can be used to reach out to those who haven’t confirmed their appointments via their MySejahtera app?

The Minister promised, on the 29th of March, 2021 that those who have their vaccination appointments during Phase 2 of PICK will be given a 2 week notification via the MySejahtera application, phone calls, and SMS. Anecdotal evidence thus far seems to indicate that many people have not received any notifications yet via one or more of the channels indicated by the Minister. [4] Many people are feeling anxious and are checking their MySejahtera app regularly either for themselves or for their dependents/parents (Dr. Ong registered his mother as his dependent but has yet to receive any notification of the date of vaccination. Dr. Ong helped his father register via his own MySejahtera app and according to the JKJAV website[5], his appointment is still pending). At the other end of the scale are those senior citizens who are not technology savvy and probably had someone else register them for the COVDI 19 vaccine and who have yet to respond to their MySejahtera and/or SMS notification. The Minister indicated as much when it was reported on the 12th of April that more than half of those initially notified have not responded to confirm their appointment dates.[6]

We need to understand the reasons for the low response rate if we are to increase the positive response rate. Other than not being tech-savvy, the issue of some senior citizens not being able to read and understand BM could also be another reason. Solutions such as voice messages, in more than one language, could be used moving forward.

4.Has the list of vaccination centers been confirmed? Will they be published soon?

At the time of writing, the full list of vaccination locations by the state for Phase 2 of PICK has not been publicly announced yet.

Although each person will be given the clinic / exact location of where they will receive their vaccination, it would be useful if the full list of vaccination locations are published so that those who have their doubts about the location can refer to a verified list. This should include private clinics and hospitals which have signed up to be part of the vaccination program.

5.Will there be translations for senior citizens who may not be very well-versed in BM? Will other assistance also be provided for those who are illiterate?

The process of vaccination will be challenging for those senior citizens who are illiterate, hard of hearing, have bad eyesight and/or are not so well-versed in BM. There are many forms to be completed, apps to be scanned and also one briefing to listen to. It would not be surprising to us if some senior citizens find the entire process too stressful and this may affect their physical health before, during and after taking the vaccine. Hopefully, at each of the vaccination locations, such issues would have already been considered and sufficient steps are undertaken to minimize the stress for the senior citizens.

6.Do we have sufficient manpower to increase the number of vaccinations per day for four-fold from 40,000 per day to 160,000 per day?

During Phase 1 of PICK, the average number of daily vaccinations was less than 40,000. The target for Phase 2 is 160,000 per day. Do we have the capacity in terms of nurses and doctors to ramp up to this number? Even with the inclusion of private GPs and hospitals in the vaccination process?

7.Are there any contingency plans in place to have “volunteers” to be vaccinated in case those who are confirmed their registration do not show up?

One would expect there to be some absenteeism among those who have confirmed their appointments based on the experience of other countries. The strategy or SOP in many of these countries is to have a queuing system or database where people can be informed if there are leftover vaccines that must be used before they expire in case there are people who do not show up for their appointments.

As far as we know, there is no such system in place in Malaysia. But we feel that this is a necessary step in the vaccination process so that vaccine wastage can be minimized.

8. How will the supply of COVID19 be affected by continued uncertainties?

The Minister has said that we have sufficient supplies of COVID19 vaccines to cover more than 80% of the population (including foreign workers), which is the percentage needed to achieve herd immunity.[7] But there remain outstanding concerns with regards to the authorisation of the SPUTNIK vaccine by NPRA (very few countries seemed to have authorized its usage) and also ongoing concerns on the small risk of developing blood clots via the Astra Zeneca vaccine which have made some countries like Denmark stop the use of the AZ vaccine (at least for now).

What contingency plans does the Minister have in order to address some of these issues with regards to the supply of some of these vaccines? Will there be any further delays in the supply of some of these vaccines because of vaccine nationalism on the part of the EU and India?

9.Can vaccination be made compulsory? Is this constitutional? What other methods can be used e.g. vaccine passport and allowance for activities?

The Minister was reported to have said, on the 9th of April, that vaccine registration could be made compulsory if the numbers of vaccine registrations remain low.[8] Is this legal and constitutional? We take note that even taking the BCG vaccine jabs are not compulsory for kids who go to school. Can vaccine registration and later vaccine inoculation be made compulsory?

Surely other incentives such as allowing those who have been vaccinated to do certain activities e.g. vaccine passports should be considered before a move for compulsory vaccination be made.

10.How effective and efficient is the COVID19 call center? Does it require more resources in terms of more callers who can speak different languages to call up those whose appointments are upcoming? Can we utilize technology such as chatbots and Artificial Intelligence to respond to queries on Phase 2 and Phase 3 appointments?

There is supposed to be a COVID19 vaccination call center but we are not sure as to how well it is functioning. At the time of writing, we do not know how many people are manning this call center, whether this number of people is sufficient, which ministries they are from (or this function has been outsourced to a private company), what training this group of people have received and so on. We would definitely be interested to visit this call center so that we can better understand how well it is functioning. And if we feel that there need to be more resources allocated to this call center, we would definitely support the Coordinating Minister’s appeal for more funding and other useful resources.


[8] https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2021/04/680994/govt-mulls-mandatory-covid-19-inoculation-if-registration-remains-low

[7] https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/556296

[6] https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2021/04/12/more-than-half-the-31776-given-vaccination-dates-did-not-respond-says-khairy

[5] https://www.vaksincovid.gov.my/en/check-status/

[4] https://www.theedgemarkets.com/article/covid19-govt-considering-setting-deadline-vaccination-registration-proposed-pm-says-khairy

[3] https://www.penang.gov.my/en/dasar/214-penang-program-penghargaan-warga-emas

[2] http://e-mesra.yawas.my/

[1] https://codeblue.galencentre.org/2021/03/29/two-million-registered-for-phase-2-covid-vaccination-starting-april-19-khairy/


Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, Member of Parliament for Bangi and Assistant Political Education Director for the Democratic Action Party (DAP) on the 22nd of January, 2021

The National Security Council (NSC) failed the country in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic in allowing inter-state travel in December 2020 when the “percent positive” testing rate for the virus was over 5%

On the 18th of January, 2021, I published a list of 10 COVID-19 related questions directed to the Director General (DG) of Health, Tan Sri Dr. Noor Hisham.[1] One of the questions I asked was whether the DG would publish the Rt Values by state so that the public can know the projected COVID-19 trends for each state and also how the Rt value can be used to determine when the current MCO 2.0 can be lifted for each state. I would like to thank the DG for publishing the latest Rt values by the state yesterday, on the 21st of January, 2021.[2] These projections show that the number of daily COVID-19 could reach 8000 cases by the end of March 2021 if the Rt value remains at 1.1 for the entire country.

Apart from the Rt value, we should also focus on the daily “percent positive” rate of COVID-19 tests. I also called for this figure to be revealed nationally and by state. Although the positive testing rate is not published publicly by the Ministry of Health (MOH), these figures are provided to the World Health Organisation (WHO) and subsequently published in the “OUR WORLD IN DATA” website.[3]

Why is the daily “percent positive” rate an important measure? According to experts at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, the percent positive is a critical measure because it gives us an indication how widespread infection is in the area where the testing is occurring—and whether levels of testing are keeping up with levels of disease transmission.“[4] How should we interpret this “percent positive” figure? What levels should be considered too high?

According to the WHO, the threshold of “percent positive” is 5%. Only when this figure drops to less than 5% should a government relax existing public health measures put in place to control the spread of COVID-19. On the 21st of January 2021, CodeBlue reported that Malaysia’s “percent positive” rate has been more than 5% since the 6th of November 2020 and has not dropped below 5% since.[5] (Figures reproduced in Figure 1 below) Since the “percent positive” rate was more than 5% in the months of November and December, why did the National Security Council (NSC) allow for inter-state travel to take place starting on the 7th of December 2020 under the Conditional Movement Control Order (CMCO)? Could this have contributed to the spike in the number of COVID cases especially given the high amount of travel to places like Langkawi during the end of the year holiday?

This is another example of the lack of consistency on the part of the National Security Council (NSC) when it comes to public policies in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic. Decisions to restrict movement and then later increase restrictions do not seem to be based on any consistent rules or guidelines. The Perikatan Nasional (PN) government has once again failed to convince the public that it has a consistent, coherent, and comprehensive plan to control this pandemic.


[1] https://www.facebook.com/ongkianming/posts/3659240927464274

[2] http://covid-19.moh.gov.my/semasa-kkm/2021/01/unjuran-r-naught-12092020-hingga-31052021

[3] https://ourworldindata.org/coronavirus

[4] https://www.jhsph.edu/covid-19/articles/covid-19-testing-understanding-the-percent-positive.html

[5]https://codeblue.galencentre.org/2021/01/21/malaysia-under-testing-for-covid-19-since-november/