希望联盟将中止PEMANDU并对此过去的所有活动进行会记审查。

(2017年5月5日)希望联盟宣言和政策委员会所公布的媒体声明

希望联盟将中止PEMANDU并对此过去的所有活动进行会记审查。

首相在2010年高调地设立首相署表现管理和履行单位(PEMANDU)。自从成立以来,PEMANDU就投入了大量的资金和力量来用于宣传活动,协作国阵政府自吹自擂多项成果。实际上,它并无法履行多项关键绩效指标,甚至是免于向国会和人民负责,甚至最近也陷入了潜在的利益冲突之嫌。所以,希望联盟承诺若赢得第14届大选后,将废除所有与新成立的PEMANDU Associates私人有限公司的合同,并对PEMANDU所有过去的活动进行全面的会记审核,包括公布PEMANDU董事们的薪酬以及所有财务上的金流。与其从外界聘请昂贵的顾问来提供咨询和指导公务员的工作,希望联盟希望直接向公务员赋能,提供恰当的资源来改革整个制度,以使他们的表现能够更专业,独立,透明和有效。

(i) 无法为实现高收入国家而提高大马国民人均收入(GNI per capita)的目标

2010年的经济转型计划报告已阐明要在2020年前必须达到1万5000美元的国民人均收入。(请参阅图表1)


来源:2010年经济转型计划的大蓝图,第9页

自此以来,从2011年至2015年的经济转型计划报告都反复阐明了这个目标。然而根据以下图表,已清楚地显示了我们离1万5000美元的国民人均收入的目标还很遥远。事实上,马来西亚的国民人均收入在6年之间仅仅提高了490美元,即从2010年的8,636美元增长至2016年的9,057美元。

图表1:2010年至2016年的国民人均收入(美元)

来源:国家统计局的国民人均收入数据,汇率是来自参考世界银行各年美元兌马币的平均汇率

来自民主与经济事务研究中心(IDEAS)的研究主任Ali Salman过去也曾带出此议题,并质疑马来西亚是否还能在2020年前实现高收入国家的目标[1]

(ii) 问责上的失败

在一份Malaysian Insight的报道中,一名PEMANDU的执行员表示:PEMANDU是向经济策划单位(EPU),首相署和国会负责[2] 然而,我们不太了解他口中所说的问责制究竟为何,因为PEMANDU的CEO伊德利斯从未前往国会回答任何有关议题。更明确地来说,他从未在国会上回答或说过任何话。既然他同时领导两项理应为国家带来改革的计划-经济转型计划(ETP)和国家转型计划,却不屑在国家最重要和民主的机构回应任何问题,我们为此感到羞愧。

另外,就算PEMANDU自2015年就向外界发步ETP和GTP的年度报告,但却不曾在国会上提呈这些报告给国会议员。没有任何有关财务上的资料,也没有告诉大家过去的活动所耗费的资金。根据某些报道,PEMANDU的职员是领着比首相还要高的薪酬[3]

再来,正当联邦政府大力呼吁审慎开销之际,PEMANDU还大胆地向政府分别索取1000万和1500万令吉来承办2015年和2017年的全球转型论坛。[4]

尽管穷尽良好和透明化施政等的华丽字眼,PEMANDU并没有以身作则。

(iii) 利益冲突

100巴仙由财政部拥有的PEMANDU机构所有职员目前已都被转入伊德利斯所拥有50巴仙的PEMANDU Associate私人有限公司。从2017年起,PEMANDU Associate将销售自己的服务给政府,并安置自己的员工在一些关键部门来继续执行经济转型计划。同时,这间公司还能自由地向其他国内外的政府部门提供自己的服务。再来,伊德利斯在2017年更担任了上市公司,马来西亚喜力有限公司(Heineken Malaysia)的董事会主席。

因此,伊德利斯兼任上市公司的董事会主席和有机会渗入联邦政府内部运作的私人公司的主席,不禁令人怀疑这是否有涉及利益冲突。[5] 迄今为止,他仍未现身来说明这些有关利益冲突的课题

有鉴于此,希望联盟一旦赢得第14届选举后,便会马上中止所有PEMANDU Associate私人有限公司的政府合约。我们将对PEMANDU Corp和BFR机构过去的所有开销进行全面的会记审查,包括在2015年和2017年的全球转型论坛向明星讲师所付的薪酬。我们也会进一步地揭露PEMANDU各位董事们的薪酬。

最后,与其大手笔地聘请外部顾问,希盟会直接将原有的资源投入在公务员的身上,以激励和授权他们表现得更专业和独立。希盟耶呼吁所有退休公务员加入我们,共同改革公务员制度以恢复昔日的廉洁,透明化和有效施政。

Dr. Ong Kian Ming (DAP) 王建民博士 (行动党)
Wong Chen (PKR) 黄基全 (公正党)
Dr Dzulkefly Ahmad (AMANAH) 祖基菲里博士(诚信党)
Dr Rais Hussin (PPBM) 莱益胡欣博士 (土团党)

[1] http://www.ideas.org.my/news/press-statements/government-intervention-causing-malaysia-to-lose-competitive-edge-as-average-income-of-malaysians-drops-by-15-according-%E2%80%8B%E2%80%8B-to-latest-epu-figures/

[2] https://www.themalaysianinsight.com/s/2430/

[3] http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/149861

[4] http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/377108

[5] http://www.beritadaily.com/idris-position-in-pemandu-and-heineken-questionable-says-dap-man/

Pakatan Harapan will terminate PEMANDU and conduct a forensic audit of all of its activities

Media Statement by Pakatan Harapan Manifesto and Policy Committee issued on the 5th of May, 2017

Pakatan Harapan will terminate PEMANDU and conduct a forensic audit of all of its activities

The Performance and Management Delivery Unit (PEMANDU) in the Prime Minister’s Department was launched by the Prime Minister with much hype in 2010. Since its creation, PEMANDU has commandeered much power and resources, spent a lot of money on publicity seeking events and took the lead in ‘spin doctoring’ many of the supposed achievements by the BN government. In reality, it has failed to deliver on its main KPI, failed to be accountable to parliament and the public and most recently, ensnared itself in possible conflict of interest situations. Upon winning GE14, Pakatan Harapan will abolish all government contracts with the newly formed PEMANDU Associates Sdn Bhd and initiate an extensive forensic audit into all of the activities of PEMANDU Corporation including disclosing the salaries of the directors of PEMANDU and all the salient financial terms payable to this private company. Instead of engaging expensive external consultants to direct the civil service, Pakatan Harapan will channel resources directly to the civil service to empower them to do their jobs professionally and to introduce reforms that will make the civil service more independent, transparent and effective.

(i) Failure to meet its GNI per capita target for a high-income nation

The key target outlined in the Economic Transformation Program (ETP) 2010 Roadmap Report was for Malaysia to reach a high income nation status of US$15,000 GNI per capita by 2020 (See Exhibit 1 below).


Source: ETP Roadmap 2010, pg.9

This target has been referred to in each of the ETP Annual Reports from 2011 to 2014 and also in the 2015 National Transformation Program Annual Report. But what is clear is that we are still very far from the US$15,000 GNI per capita target as show in Chart 1 below. In fact, Malaysia’s GNI per capita has increased by a mere US$490, from US$8636 in 2010 to US$9057 per capita in 2016, or a 4.9% in 6 years. (See Chart 1 below) Based on this statistic alone, PEMANDU has failed.

Chart 1: GNI per capita current prices (US$) 2010 to 2016

Source: GNI statistics are from the Department of Statistics, Exchange rate data is the World Bank data showing the average US$ to RM exchange rate for that year (Figures differ slightly from the World Bank GNI data calculated using the Atlas method)

The issue has been previously highlighted by IDEAS Head of Research Ali Salman and raises questions as to whether Malaysia can reach the high-income nation target by 2020.[1]

(ii)                Failure of Accountability

In a piece in The Malaysian Insight, a PEMANDU executive stated the following: PEMANDU also reported to the EPU, the Prime Minister’s Department and was accountable to Parliament.[2] We are unsure as to what the executive’s understanding of parliamentary accountability is, but in his 6 years as a member of the cabinet, the CEO of PEMANDU, Idris Jala, never once appeared in parliament to answer any single parliamentary question that concerned PEMANDU. In fact, he never answered anything or said anything in parliament. Given that he was heading two programs – the ETP and the Government Transformation Program (GTP) – that is supposed to bring about transformational changes in the country, it is disgraceful that he found it unnecessary to answer any questions in the most important elected institution in the country. This is a massive failure from an accountability standpoint.

In addition, even though PEMANDU published annual reports for the ETP and GTP and starting from 2015, the National Transformation Program (NTP), it di not table any of its reports in parliament nor distribute them to Members of Parliament. It does not table its own financial accounts in parliament nor tell parliament how much PEMANDU has spent for its various activities. And despite many public criticisms, it has not made known how much its staff gets paid, which according to some reports, is higher than the Prime Minister’s salary.[3]

Furthermore, PEMANDU has the audacity to ask for RM10 million and RM15 million from the government to organize the Global Transformation Forum 2015 and 2017 respectively at the same time as it is preaching values of fiscal prudence on the part of the federal government.[4]

While it uses the language of good corporate governance and transparency, PEMANDU does not apply any of these standards to itself.

(iii)              Conflicts of Interest

All of the staff of PEMANDU Corp, a 100% Ministry of Finance owned entity, has now been transferred to PEMANDU Associates Sdn Bhd, a private entity that is 50% owned by Idris Jala. Starting from 2017, PEMANDU Associates will sell its services to the government by placing its staff in key ministries to continue the NTP. At the same time, this new private entity will be free to sell its services to other government ministries, at home and abroad. Furthermore, since the beginning of 2017, Idris Jala has been occupying the position of the Chairman of Heineken Malaysia, a public listed company.

The position of Idris Jala as the chairman of a publicly listed company and the president of a private company which is deeply embedded into the inner workings of the federal government via its work in the NTP, raises serious questions with regards to possible conflicts of interest.[5] Until today, he has not even attempted to explain these conflicts of interest.

For these reasons and immediately upon winning GE14, Pakatan Harapan will terminate all existing contracts with PEMANDU Associates Sdn Bhd. We will initiate a forensic accounting investigation into all of the expenditure undertaken by PEMANDU Corp and BFR Institute, both of which are 100% MOF owned entities, including how much was paid to each and every celebrity speaker for the 2015 and 2017 Global Transformation Program. We will publicly disclose the salaries received by PEMANDU directors.

Finally, rather than spending obscenely on external consultants, Pakatan Harapan will channel resources directly to the civil service to empower them to carry out its functions more independently and and professionally. Pakatan Harapan will also call upon respected retired civil servants to help us reform the civil service to its former glory days of integrity, transparency and effectiveness.

Dr. Ong Kian Ming (DAP)

Wong Chen (PKR)

Dr Dzulkefly Ahmad (AMANAH)

Dr Rais Hussin (PPBM)

[1] http://www.ideas.org.my/news/press-statements/government-intervention-causing-malaysia-to-lose-competitive-edge-as-average-income-of-malaysians-drops-by-15-according-%E2%80%8B%E2%80%8B-to-latest-epu-figures/

[2] https://www.themalaysianinsight.com/s/2430/

[3] http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/149861

[4] http://www.malaysiakini.com/news/377108

[5] http://www.beritadaily.com/idris-position-in-pemandu-and-heineken-questionable-says-dap-man/