• 马来西亚在“金钱,政治和政治资金透明度指数”研究上的排名说明我们迫切需要改革和管制选举资金

    (2015年7月21日)沙登区国会议员王建民博士的新闻媒体声明

    马来西亚在“金钱,政治和政治资金透明度指数”研究上的排名说明我们迫切需要改革和管制选举资金

    在7月16日,全球廉正和阳光基金会联合进行一项“金钱,政治和竞选资金透明度指数”(MPT)的研究计划,而其选举廉正计划也公布了最新系列,包括选举法律和资金方面的数据和结果。[1]

    马来西亚在54个国家排名第50名,在100分满分之下只获得19分。相比之下,马来西亚还比印尼47分,孟加拉41分和尼日利亚29分来得更低。马来西亚在这项研究差劲的表现,实际上也和其他类似研究竞选过程的调查结果是一致的。此外,马来西亚也曾在选举廉正计划(MPT的领航计划之一)过去的调查报告里在127个国家排名第114名。[2]

    在MPT的研究报告,针对竞选资金管制的叙述如下:

    “选举委员会是有其责任来管制政治资金。在法律上,委员会没有被授予调查权。提名和委任过程并无依据绩效制,因此在现实中,委员会的独立性并未获到充分的保障。缺乏授权的委员会无从展开调查,对违反法律的政党和候选人也从不严正看待和加以处罚。在马来西亚,除了监管机制相当薄弱,执法行动也过于松散。” [3]

    华尔街日报最近所指控一马公司相关的交易资金涉嫌流入首相纳吉名下的私人账户

    以作为第13届大选的竞选资金,[4] 也进一步地曝露了选举委员会长久以来政治上的不独立和无法有效地管制政治资金的弱点。[5]

    选举开支及政治资金要透明化已不是一件新鲜的课题。第一,它是净选盟2.0的八大诉求之一。[6] 第二,马来西亚国际透明组织也一贯地提倡要改革政治资金的问题,并出版了一本非常全面性,具体探讨如何管制马来西亚政治资金的报告书。[7] 第三,首相署绩效管理和传递单位(PEMANDU)自2012年来也不停地呼吁要进行政治资金上的改革。[8] 第四,首相署部长拿督刘胜权自从成为内阁成员后也一直倡导要加强政治资金上的透明度。[9] 当然,我们也不会忘记首相纳吉在第13届大选之前曾签署选举廉正宣言。[10] 如今,这似乎都便成为了一场闹剧。

    有鉴于华尔街日报指控的出现及马来西亚在各种有关选举的调查报告里差劲的表现,我在此呼吁首相要紧记在第13届大选之前所签署的宣言和展开对马来西亚选举制度,包括政治资金和选举开支的问题进行全面性的检阅。世界有许多其他国家可以成为马来西亚进行长期选举改革的借镜。如今,我们国家所严重缺乏的是政府想要启动和进行迫切改革的政治意愿和领导。

    王建民博士
    沙登区国会议员

    Attachments from the Money, Transparency and Politics Study:
    Rankings, Brief, Key Findings and Full Methodology

    [1] http://moneypoliticstransparency.org/

    [2] https://sites.google.com/site/electoralintegrityproject4/home

    [3] http://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/MY/

    [4] http://www.wsj.com/articles/fund-controversy-threatens-malaysias-leader-1434681241

    [5] http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10130211234592774869404581083700187014570

    [6] http://www.bersih.org/about-bersih/bersihs-8-points/ (under stopping corruption via vote buying)

    [7] http://transparency.org.my/category/what-we-do/reforming-political-financing/

    [8] http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2012/03/08/pemandu-to-work-on-guidelines-for-political-funding/

    [9] http://english.astroawani.com/politics-news/political-financing-one-thing-bn-and-pakatan-can-both-agree-upon-36477

    [10] http://transparency.org.my/what-we-do/election-integrity-pledge/prime-minister-signs-transparency-international-malaysias-election-integrity-pledg

  • Kedudukan Malaysia dalam kajian ‘Money, Politics and Transparency’ terhadap pembiayaan politik menunjukkan bahawa kita amat memerlukan reformasi kewangan kempen

    Kenyataan Media oleh Dr. Ong Kian Ming, Ahli Parlimen Serdang pada 21 Julai 2015

    Kedudukan Malaysia dalam kajian ‘Money, Politics and Transparency’ terhadap pembiayaan politik menunjukkan bahawa kita amat memerlukan reformasi kewangan kempen

    Pada 16 Julai, projek Money, Politics and Transparency (MPT) iaitu sebuah inisiatif antara Sunlight Foundation, Global Integrity dan Electoral Integrity Project telah menerbitkan sebuah dataset baru yang mengandungi hasil kajian mereka mengenai undang-undang dan perbelanjaan pilihan raya.[1]

    Daripada 54 buah negara yang dikaji, Malaysia berada di tangga ke-50 dengan skor 19 daripada 100 (markah penuh). Skor Malaysia lebih rendah daripada Indonesia (47 markah), Bangladesh (41 markah) dan Nigeria (29 markah). Dapatan ini juga selari dengan kajian lain yang meneliti proses pilihan raya di Malaysia. Electoral Integrity Project (salah satu penggerak Projek MPT) sebelum ini telah menyenaraikan Malaysia di kedudukan 114 daripada 127 dari segi integriti pilihan raya.[2]

    Dalam kajian MPT, pemantauan kewangan kempen dihuraikan seperti berikut:

    “Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya bertanggungjawab ke atas penyeliaan kewangan politik. Dari segi undang-undang, Suruhanjaya tidak diperuntukkan kuasa penyiasatan. Individu yang dilantik tidak dilantik berdasarkan merit, malah kebebasan mereka tidak dijamin sepenuhnya. Badan tersebut tidak menjalankan penyiasatan, tidak mempunyai kapasiti untuk berbuat demikian, dan tidak mengenakan sekatan terhadap parti atau calon yang melanggar undang-undang. Di Malaysia, bukan sahaja kerangka kerja pengawalseliaan agak lemah, malah penguatkuasaan juga sungguh lemah.” [3]

    Kekurangan kebebasan politik Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya dan kelemahan perbelanjaan pilihan raya di Malaysia sangat ketara dan menjadi perhatian setelah dakwaan oleh Wall Street Journal berkenaan transaksi dana 1MDB yang disalurkan kepada beberapa akaun bagi tujuan perbelanjaan pilihan raya semasa PRU ke-13 pada tahun 2013,[4] termasuklah akaun peribadi di bawah nama Perdana Menteri.[5]

    Isu ketelusan perbelanjaan pilihan raya dan pembiayaan politik ini bukanlah sesuatu yang baru. Ia merupakan salah satu daripada 8 tuntutan Bersih 2.0.[6] Transparency International Malaysia juga secara konsisten menyokong reformasi pembiayaan politik dan telah menerbitkan sebuah buku komprehensif dengan cadangan konkrit untuk reformasi pembiayaan politik di Malaysia.[7] Unit Pengurusan Prestasi dan Perlaksanaan (PEMANDU) telah berbicara tentang reformasi pembiayaan politik sejak 2012.[8] Menteri di Jabatan Perdana Menteri, Datuk Paul Low juga menyokong ketelusan pembiayaan politik yang lebih tinggi bagi sejak menjawat jawatan dalam kabinet.[9] Tidak dilupakan juga tandatangan Perdana Menteri yang diturunkan semasa Ikrar Integriti Pilihan Raya sebelum PRU ke-13 pada tahun 2013.[10] Kini, semua ini seolah-olah sandiwara sahaja.

    Berdasarkan dakwaan Wall Street Journal dan prestasi Malaysia yang lemah dalam pelbagai kajian pilihan raya yang berkaitan, saya menyeru Perdana Menteri untuk mengingat kembali ikrar yang ditandatangani sebelum PRU ke-13 dan menjalankan kajian menyeluruh terhadap sistem pilihan raya di Malaysia termasuk pembiayaan politik dan perbelanjaan berkaitan pilihan raya. Terdapat banyak contoh daripada negara lain yang Malaysia boleh mengguna pakai sebagai sebahagian daripada proses reformasi pilihan raya yang lebih besar. Kini, apa yang sungguh diperlukan oleh negara ini adalah kepimpinan dan kehendak politik untuk memulakan dan menjalankan pembaharuan ini.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    Ahli Parlimen Serdang

    Lampiran daripada kajian Money, Transparency and Politics:
    Rankings, Brief, Key Findings dan Full Methodology

    [1]  http://moneypoliticstransparency.org/

    [2] https://sites.google.com/site/electoralintegrityproject4/home

    [3] http://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/MY/

    [4]  http://www.wsj.com/articles/fund-controversy-threatens-malaysias-leader-1434681241

    [5] http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10130211234592774869404581083700187014570

    [6] http://www.bersih.org/about-bersih/bersihs-8-points/ (di bawah ‘stopping corruption via vote buying’)

    [7] http://transparency.org.my/category/what-we-do/reforming-political-financing/

    [8] http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2012/03/08/pemandu-to-work-on-guidelines-for-political-funding/

    [9]  http://english.astroawani.com/politics-news/political-financing-one-thing-bn-and-pakatan-can-both-agree-upon-36477

    [10] http://transparency.org.my/what-we-do/election-integrity-pledge/prime-minister-signs-transparency-international-malaysias-election-integrity-pledge/

  • Malaysia’s ranking on the Money, Politics and Transparency study on political financing shows that we are in dire need of campaign finance reform

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, MP for Serdang, on the 21st of July, 2015

    Malaysia’s ranking on the Money, Politics and Transparency study on political financing shows that we are in dire need of campaign finance reform

    On the 16th of July, the Money, Politics and Transparency (MPT) project, a joint initiative between the Sunlight Foundation, Global Integrity and the Electoral Integrity Project, released a new dataset comprising of their findings on elections law and elections spending.[1]

    Out of the 54 countries in the study, Malaysia was ranked at position no.50 scoring 19 points out of a possible 100. Malaysia’s score was lower than that of Indonesia (47 points), Bangladesh (41 points) and Nigeria (29 points). Malaysia’s poor score on this study is consistent with other studies which looks at the electoral process in Malaysia. The Electoral Integrity Project (one of the initiators of the MPT project) had earlier ranked Malaysia 114 out of 127 in terms of electoral integrity.[2]

    In the MPT study, the oversight over campaign finance was describe as follows:

    “The Electoral Commission is responsible for overseeing political finance. In law, the Commission is not granted investigatory powers. Its appointees are not appointed based on merit, and their independence, in practice, is not fully guaranteed. The body does not conduct investigations, lacks the capacity to do so, and never imposes sanctions on parties or candidates who violate the law. In Malaysia, not only is the regulatory framework fairly weak, enforcement is less than rigorous.”[3]

    The lack of political independence of the Election Commission and weak enforcement on elections spending in Malaysia is all the more glaring in light of the allegations put forward by the Wall Street Journal that funds related to 1MDB transactions were channelled into certain accounts for the purpose of elections expenditure during the 13th general election in 2013[4] including personal accounts under the name of Prime Minister Najib.[5]

    The issue of transparency in elections expenditure and political financing is not something new. It was one of the 8 demands of Bersih 2.0.[6] Transparency International Malaysia has also been consistently advocating for political financing reform and published a comprehensive book with concrete proposals for political financing reform in Malaysia.[7] The Performance Management and Delivery Unit (PEMANDU) has been talking about political financing reform since 2012.[8] Minister in the Prime Minister’s Office, Datuk Paul Low, has also been advocating for greater transparency in political financing since he became a member of the cabinet.[9] And of course, one cannot help but remember the signing of the Elections Integrity Pledge by Prime Minister Najib, just prior to the 13th general election in 2013.[10] What a farce that has become.

    In view of the Wall Street Journal allegations and also Malaysia’s poor performance in various elections related studies, I call upon the Prime Minister to remember the pledge he signed up to prior to GE13 and to carry out a comprehensive review of the elections system in Malaysia including political financing and elections related expenditure. There are many examples from other countries which Malaysia can adopt as part of the larger process of electoral reform. What the country is severely lacking now is the political leadership and the political will to start and carry out these much needed reforms.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    Member of Parliament of Serdang

    Attachments from the Money, Transparency and Politics Study:
    Rankings, Brief, Key Findings and Full Methodology

    [1] http://moneypoliticstransparency.org/

    [2] https://sites.google.com/site/electoralintegrityproject4/home

    [3] http://data.moneypoliticstransparency.org/countries/MY/

    [4] http://www.wsj.com/articles/fund-controversy-threatens-malaysias-leader-1434681241

    [5] http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10130211234592774869404581083700187014570

    [6] http://www.bersih.org/about-bersih/bersihs-8-points/ (under stopping corruption via vote buying)

    [7] http://transparency.org.my/category/what-we-do/reforming-political-financing/

    [8] http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2012/03/08/pemandu-to-work-on-guidelines-for-political-funding/

    [9] http://english.astroawani.com/politics-news/political-financing-one-thing-bn-and-pakatan-can-both-agree-upon-36477

    [10] http://transparency.org.my/what-we-do/election-integrity-pledge/prime-minister-signs-transparency-international-malaysias-election-integrity-pledge/

  • Open Letter to Khairy Jamaluddin

    Open Letter to Khairy Jamaluddin

    Dear YB Khairy,

    As you know, I am a regular runner. I was a regular runner before I was elected as a Member of Parliament and hopefully, I will still be a regular runner when I am no longer a Member of Parliament. I run for many reasons – to keep in shape, to keep the added pounds away, to meet new running kakis, to train for races and to encourage others to exercise. You can often find me running around Lake Gardens when parliament is in session, in the Bukit Tunku and Seri Hartamas areas on weekends, in the Bukit Jalil Park or the UPM track near my current home, in Lake Valley in Bandar Tun Hussein Onn, at Taman Tasik Cempaka and the Section 15 track in Bangi (all in my constituency) and previously, in Taman Tun and Bukit Kiara, when I was living in Petaling Jaya.

    When I am running on the road, I am just another runner. Some runners recognize me and say hi but most of the time, I am just another fellow running kaki, trying to reach the finishing line. I feel a sense of peace when I run. The pressures of political life are put aside and it’s only me and the road or me, the road and my running kakis.

    I’ve made many new friends since I joined the running community back in 2010 when I returned to Malaysia after completing my PhD in the United States. This is one of the most enjoyable aspects of taking up running – getting to know fellow running kakis from all backgrounds and walks of life. We join races together, complain about the poorly organized races and praise the well-organized ones. The running community in Malaysia is a tight knit group especially among the regulars with only one or two degrees of separation.

    My positive running experience in Malaysia was one of the main motivations behind my full support for the #FitMalaysians campaign, started by your good self in May 2014. I wrote a column in the Star to express my support for this campaign and to support running in general.[1] I took part in the Team Malaysia Fan Run on the 7th of September 2014 where you launched the Fit Malaysia nationwide campaign. I also made it a point to take part in the Team Malaysia Fan Run on the 31st of May, 2015 as a way to support our athletes who were heading to Singapore for the 28th SEA Games.

    To encourage more people to run in my own constituency, I, together with the state assemblyman of Balakong, Eddie Ng Tien Chee, organized a 7km Pesta Balakong Colour Fun Run in 2014.[2] To encourage my own wife to run, I paced her for a half marathon in the inaugural Malaysian Women’s Marathon in 2013.

    The only major downside of my current position on my running activities is that I usually have to rush off after a training run or a race because of constituency activities. Sometimes, this can be quite tiring, especially after a half marathon, but I would rather be somewhat tired than to miss out on some of my favourite local races. I am sure that you can empathize given your much busier schedule especially when attending the various Fit Malaysia programs all around the country.

    I’ve participated in more than ten half marathons since 2010. My first half marathon was in SCKL back in 2010. I took part in my first full marathon last year at the Penang Bridge International Marathon (PBIM). I decided to sign up for the full marathon for this year’s SCKL Marathon, which I consider to be my “home marathon” since I was born in KL. I also decided that that I would Run for a Cause (RFAC) – Ecoknights[3], an organization which advocates for environmental awareness – in order to motivate myself to train harder and raise money for a good cause at the same time.[4] I was looking forward to training (which has already begun) and running for my chosen charity at SCKLM 2015. The charity in question had set up a whatsapp group for all the runners running to support them and was in the midst of organizing a Hari Raya get together. The person in charge was even kind enough to ask us what we wanted at the finishing line – I suggested packets of nasi lemak.

    As you can see, politics was far from my mind when thinking about the SCKL Marathon 2015. It was going to be a purely ‘fun’ event for me (that is, if you consider subjecting your body to 42km as fun) and for the 35,000 runners who had signed up.

    That was before Monday, 13th of July, when the organizers announced that the date of the SCKL Marathon 2015 had been changed from Sunday, 4th of October, 2015 to Saturday, 10th of October, 2015, at your request so that it can coincide with the National Sports Day.

    I think you are well aware of the backlash which ensued as result of this unilateral decision on your part. The SCKL Marathon facebook page was bombarded with complaints as was your facebook page and your twitter timeline. The many legitimate reasons for these complaints have been made clear in the facebook page that was set up to call for the SCKL Marathon to be brought back to the 4th of October.[5] I think you are well aware of them and I am sure that the organizers of the event would have told you of this possibility when you insisted that they change the date to coincide with the National Sports Day.

    Please don’t get me wrong. I was pretty excited about the National Sports Day. In fact, I had put it in my google calendar as a reminder that perhaps I could do something in my constituency to encourage more people to exercise. I was looking forward to taking part in the Fittest MP challenge organized by Garmin so that I could perhaps use the funds for fitness related activities on the 10th of October.[6] I had raised in parliament the issue of what MPs would do together with your Ministry in order to encourage more people to exercise more. Now, as you can well imagine, I’m not so excited any more.

    Running to me is much more than a sport or a form of exercise. It keeps me sane amidst a sea of uncertainty, especially given the current political landscape. It brings me in contact with other people, some of whom I would never have gotten to know if not for our common love for running. It is one of the few things in life which can get me to wake up at 5am in the morning. As a runner yourself, I’m sure you can relate to some of these things.

    Many of the SCKL Marathon runners will support your National Sports Day in various ways. Some of them will participate in the other races which take place on the 10th of October including two ministry supported events – the HRDF run and the Spartan Challenge. Some of them will be walking and running in the various parks and public spaces located all across Malaysia. Some of them will no doubt come out to support whatever else the Ministry has planned for, especially if ample notice is given. You don’t need to shift the SCKL Marathon in order to achieve your National Sports Day objectives. So, I plead to you, as a runner and as a fellow Member of Parliament who wants to encourage more people to adopt fit and healthy lifestyles, please bring back the SCKL Marathon to the original date of October 4th, 2015. And I pledge that I will support the National Sports Day initiative to the best of my abilities.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    Member of Parliament, Serdang
    16th of July, 2015

    Running Pictures


    Running in the 2015 Team Malaysia Fan Run 15km


    10th position in the Men’s Junior Veteran 15km category


    Pesta Balakong Color Fun Run organized on the 21st of December, 2014


    After the Pesta Balakong Colour-Run together with my colleague, Eddie Ng Tien Chee, ADUN for Balakong


    My best half marathon time to date in the 2012 SCKL Marathon. Before I was elected into office.

    [1] http://www.thestar.com.my/Opinion/Online-Exclusive/Im-OK-man/Profile/Articles/2014/08/31/Getting-fit-for-Malaysia/

    [2] http://myrunners.org/events/pesta-balakong-colour-fun-run/

    [3] http://www.ecoknights.org.my/about-ek/we-are-ecoknights

    [4] http://www.kl-marathon.com/charity/run-for-a-cause/runners-profile/2015/52843/#.VaY7xfmqqko

    [5] https://www.facebook.com/pages/Bring-SCKLM-Back-To-October-4-Stop-Politicising-Sporting-Events/1011197192277453?ref=hl

    [6] http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2015/04/01/Fit-MPs-RM10K/

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