• Demolishment of Chapel dedicated to St Joseph, Saujana Impian

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, MP for Serdang, on the 26th of August 2016

    Demolishment of Chapel dedicated to St Joseph, Saujana Impian

    I refer to the media statement of Ng Chok Sin, MCA Religious Harmony Bureau Deputy Chairman and MCA Selangor State Liaison Committee Secretary which was issued on the 24th of August, 2016.[1] In his statement, he levelled many unfounded and baseless accusations against Wan Azizah, PKR President and State Assembly representative for Kajang, against the Kajang Municipal Council (MPKj) and against DAP and PKR, for allowing the demolishment of a chapel structure dedicated to St Joseph in Saujana Impian, Kajang.

    Ng Chok Sin’s statement was totally irresponsible and unbecoming of a political leader. If he had bothered to put in just a bit of effort to find out more about the situation, he would have easily found out that the local authorities as well as the state government had been discussing the matter with the Catholic church and the Christian Federation of Malaysia (CFM) since the beginning of the year.

    He would also have found out that the Archbishop of Kuala Lumpur, Most Reverend Julian Leow, had issued a letter on the 19th of August, 2016 to the parishioners of the Holy Family Church in Kajang to explain why he agreed to allow the local authority, namely MPKJ, to demolish of what is now the remains of the chapel dedicated to St Joseph which was previously used by workers from the Brehma Estate, which no longer exists. (See Appendix 1 below) In this letter, the Archbishop also informed the parish priest, Father Surain, to cooperate and assist the local council, wherever possible, to ensure that no untoward incidents take place.

    This letter was read out during all masses on the weekend of the 20th and 21st of August at the Holy Family Church in Kajang so as to ensure that the proper information was channelled to the parishioners.

    In a letter dated on the 19th of August, 2016, to Selangor Exco member, Elizabeth Wong, Archbishop Julian Leow also confirmed that he had no objections to the local authority tearing down what remains of the chapel located along Jalan Saujana Impian, Kajang. He also thanked the Selangor Exco for “your kind concern and engaging in a dialogue on this sensitive issue and coming to an amicable solution on this matter”.  (See Appendix 2 below)

    Because of the media coverage on this issue, which Ng Chok Sin is partly responsible for, Archbishop Julian had to issue another statement today to restate his position on the matter at hand. In this letter he appealed to the individuals who were preventing the demolition work by MPKj to “respect the lawful right of the council to carry out their duty and to remind everyone that the decision to demolish the unused chapel was made after due process was followed”. (See Appendix 3 below)

    I call upon Ng Chok Sin to apologize to Wan Azizah, MPKj, PKR and DAP for his baseless and unfounded accusations. In addition, I call upon Ng Chok Sin to apologize to Archbishop Julian Leow for making it seem as if the Catholic church had been irresponsible in not taking part in the decision making process to decide the fate of the chapel. Now that the facts surrounding this matter are clear to the general public, as a responsible public figure, Ng should issue an unconditional apology to all the parties who have been aggrieved by his irresponsible statement.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    Member of Parliament for Serdang

    Appendix 1: Letter from the Archbishop of Kuala Lumpur to the parishioners of Holy Family Church, Kajang (the closet Catholic church to the St Joseph chapel)

    Appendix 2: Letter from the Archbishop of Kuala Lumpur to YB Elizabeth Wong, Selangor EXCO

    Appendix 3: Press Statement by the office of the Archbishop of Kuala Lumpur on the 25th of August, 2016

    [1] http://theheatmalaysia.com/Main/Callous-bid-to-destroy-church-at-night

  • 公务员职缺的供需失衡,凸显马来西亚人仍无法从中等收入陷阱逃脱出来

    (2016年8月24日)沙登区国会议员王建民博士的媒体声明

    公务员职缺的供需失衡凸显马来西亚人仍无法从中等收入陷阱逃脱出来

    当经济转型计划(ETP)于2010年首次推介时,该计划的关键指标是为了在2020年前创造额外的330万个就业机会,其中的60%会是中等或高收入的薪酬配套。表现管理和传递单位(Pemandu)首席执行员拿督斯里依德利斯于上周就指出马来西亚已经走出中等收入陷阱。[1] 然而,若我们更深入分析和理解目前的就业数据,却另有发现。

    若经济转型计划(ETP)真正地成功创造以私人界主导,活力十足的经济体,那就想必在私人界里到处都充满理想和高薪的就业机会。但根据公共服务委员会(SPA)所公布的数据显示,公共部门的工作需求一直处于僧多粥少的现象,远远超出这些职缺的供应量。

    从2011至2015年,公共服务委员会(SPA)就已接获超过100万份的就业申请。这个数字曾经于2013年攀升至210万,在2014年下降至159万,然后在2015年又提高至163万份申请。(请参阅以下图表一)。考虑到目前马来西亚于2015年就已经有160万名公务员,因此上述的就业数据显然是无比地高。 由于拥有稳定的工作保障和其他津贴(如医疗,各种津贴和政府退休金),因而导致公务员始终成为许多人首选的热门工作。这也意味着公务员的高需求正好成为一个指标,即私人界无法提供足够的高薪工作机会,来抑制公共服务界的工作岗位需求。

    令人担忧的是,公共服务领域在同一个时段中,即2011年至2015年所释放出的工作机会已从46,503下降至30,964份。这意味着越来越少的申请者能成功地进入公共服务领域,录取率从2011年的4.1巴仙降至2015年的1.9巴仙。反之,这里所衍生出来的课题便是不获录取的申请最终的下落又会是如何。

    在这些成功被录取的申请者中,他们大部分(特别在某些年份)的最高学历都只有普通教育程度证书(certificate)的资格。例如,在2015年,有54巴仙的成功申请者只拥有初中评估考試(PMR),马来西亚教育文凭(SPM)或普通教育程度证书(certificate)的资格(请参阅以下图表二)。

    这也释放出了一个很明显的讯息,那些热衷公务员职位都只是符合最低资格的申请者。因此,这也能解释了在经济社会金字塔底部的大部分工作机会都被外劳拿下。而外籍劳工唯一无法拿下的便是公务员的饭碗,因此才会出现最多申请公务员职缺都是来自这个阶层的群体。

    我们可以进一步地从公共服务委员会网站所提供有关申请者的学历资格的统计数据略窥一二。图表一列出只需初中评估考試(PMR)教育资格的一般助理职位(Grade 11)的月薪(约为1200令吉),申请者人数和被录取的数额。[2] 最终,大约共有87,281名申请者争夺16个职位空缺(0.02巴仙)。

    图表二也列出了只需马来西亚教育文凭(SPM)教育资格的饮食招待服务助理职位(Grade17)的月薪(约为1400令吉),申请者人数和被录取的数额。最终,大约共有65,041名申请者争夺24个职位空缺(0.04巴仙)。

    图表三也列出了只需学士学位(Degree)资格的资讯科技普通职员(Grade41)的月薪(约为2300令吉),申请者人数和被录取的数额。最终,大约共有17,895名申请者争夺61个职位空缺(0.34巴仙)。

    图表一至三已清楚地显示了公共服务领域的职缺已经出现僧多粥少的现象,尤其是那些只需符合最低学历资格的职缺和领域。

    从人均国内生产总值(GDP)方面而言,马来西亚或许已逃过了中等收入陷阱。但是,受益者的都是来自占据金字塔顶端,占总数百分之20至30的高薪人士和长期赚取大量利润,但底层阶段的工人却无法获益的企业家。

    对于那些处于金字塔底层百分之40的百姓,仍不断挣扎以便摆脱中等收入陷阱,而为此当中的他们也正更渴望能拿到来自公共服务领域相对稳定但越来越稀缺的金饭碗。

    图表一:一般助理(Grade 11)职位的申请结果

    图表一:饮食招待服务助理(Grade 17)职位的申请结果

    图表三:资讯科技普通职员(Grade 41)职位的申请结果

    王建民博士
    沙登区国会议员

    [1] http://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2016/08/17/idris-jala-malaysia-no-longer-in-middle-income-trap/

    [2] http://online.spa.gov.my/online/index.php. 我们也不排除另一种可能性,即许多申请者是同时投递表格申请不同的工作,因而稀释了真正的统计数据,例如申请N41,N17和甚至N11级别工作的真正统计人数。若此属实,这只进一步地突显目前的就业市场机会匮乏,因为连那些符合学士教育资格的申请者都选择与仅有SPM或PMR资格的人抢饭碗。

  • Ketidaksepadanan antara permintaan dan penawaran jawatan perkhidmatan awam menunjukkan rakyat Malaysia masih dalam belenggu pendapatan sederhana

    Kenyataan Media oleh Dr. Ong Kian Ming, Ahli Parlimen Serdang pada 24 Ogos 2016

    Ketidaksepadanan antara permintaan dan penawaran jawatan perkhidmatan awam menunjukkan rakyat Malaysia masih dalam belenggu pendapatan sederhana

    Apabila Program Transformasi Ekonomi dilancarkan pada 2010, salah satu petunjuk prestasi utamanya adalah mewujudkan tambahan 3.3 juta peluang pekerjaan menjelang 2020, di mana lebih 60% adalah dalam lingkungan pendapatan sederhana atau tinggi. Pada minggu lepas, Datuk Seri Idris Jala, CEO PEMANDU, dilaporkan berkata bahawa rakyat Malaysia telah keluar dari belenggu pendapatan sederhana.[1] Namun, analisis dan pemahaman mendalam terhadap angka pekerjaan pula mengatakan sebaliknya.

    Jika ETP berjaya dalam membina ekonomi yang cergas dan membangun yang dipandu oleh sektor swasta, ia sepatutnya menghasilkan peluang pekerjaan yang diinginkan dan berbayar tinggi dalam sektor swasta. Namun mengikut perangkaan yang dikeluarkan oleh Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Awam, permintaan terhadap sektor perkhidmatan awam berada pada tahap yang terlalu tinggi dan jauh melebihi penawaran kerja tersebut.

    Dari 2011 hingga 2015, SPA menerima lebih daripada 1 juta permohonan pekerjaan dalam perkhidmatan awam. Angka ini mencecah 2.1 juta pada 2013 sebelum menurun ke 1.59 juta pada 2014 dan meningkat semula ke 1.63 juta pada 2015 (Lihat Jadual 1 di bawah). Angka ini teramat tinggi terutamanya jika dibandingkan dengan jumlah penjawat awam yang hanya 1.5 juta orang pada 2015. Walaupun pekerjaan dalam perkhidmatan awam akan terus menjadi keinginan rakyat disebabkan oleh jaminan pekerjaan dan faedah lain (seperti rawatan perubatan, elaun pelbagai dan pencen), permintaan tinggi ini merupakan indikator bahawa sektor swasta tidak menawarkan pekerjaan yang dibayar tinggi yang cukup bagi membendung permintaan terhadap sektor perkhidmatan awam.

    Perkara lain yang perlu dirisaukan juga adalah penurunan dalam jumlah tawaran kerja perkhidmatan awam iaitu daripada 46,503 pada 2011 kepada 30,964 pada 2015. Ini bermakna hanya sebilangan kecil permohonan yang berjaya memasuki ke sektor perkhidmatan awam dan peratusan ini berkurangan dari 4.1% pada 2011 kepada 1.9% pada 2015. Ini menimbulkan persoalan apakah kerja yang akhirnya dilakukan oleh pemohon yang tidak berjaya.

    Antara pemohon yang berjaya, majoriti daripada mereka (atau pluraliti, dalam beberapa tahun) hanya mempunyai kelulusan tertinggi setakat kelayakan sijil sahaja. Sebagai contoh, pada 2015, 54% pemohon yang berjaya telah ditawarkan kerja yang hanya memerlukan kelulusan PMR, SPM atau kelayakan peringkat sijil (Lihat Jadual 2 di bawah).

    Ini merupakan petunjuk jelas bahawa mereka yang memerlukan kerja dalam sektor perkhidmatan awam juga merupakan mereka yang mempunyai kelayakan terendah. Ini tidak menghairankan memandangkan banyak pekerjaan di bahagian bawah tangga ekonomi telah diambil alih oleh pekerja asing. Perkhidmatan awam merupakan satu-satunya sektor di mana pekerja asing tidak boleh menjawat sebarang jawatan, maka sehubungan dengan itu, bilangan permohonan dan pelantikan yang tinggi berlaku pada peringkat ini.

    Ini dapat dilihat menerusi statistik permohonan kerja bagi kerja spesifik yang diambil dari laman web Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Awam.[2] Carta 1 menunjukkan permohonan dan pelantikan ke jawatan Pembantu Am Gred 11 dengan bayaran gaji bulanan anggaran RM1,200 dan hanya memerlukan sijil PMR sebagai kelayakan akademik minimum. Terdapat 87,281 pemohon bagi 16 jawatan (0.02%).

    Carta 2 menunjukkan bilangan pemohon dan lantikan bagi jawatan pembantu penyediaan makanan Gred 17 dengan bayaran gaji bulanan RM1,400 dan memerlukan kelayakan mininum sijil SPM. Terdapat 65,041 pemohon bagi 24 jawatan (0.04%).

    Carta 3 pula menunjukkan permohonan dan lantikan bagi jawatan Pegawai IT pada Gred 41 dengan bayaran gaji bulanan RM2,300 dan memerlukan ijazah sebagai kelayakan minimun akademik. Terdapat 17,895 pemohon bagi 61 jawatan (0.34%).

    Carta 1 hingga 3 membuktikan bahawa tahap permintaan jauh melebihi ketersediaan pekerjaan sektor awam, malahan ketidaksepadanan antara permintaan dan penawaran pekerjaan yang memerlukan kelayakan akademik terendah berada pada tahap meruncing.

    Dari segi KDNK per kapita, Malaysia mungkin telah keluar dari belenggu pendapatan sederhana. Namun golongan yang telah menerima manfaat daripada kenaikan ini adalah golongan 20% dan 30% teratas dengan gaji tinggi serta perniagaan yang mengaut untung tinggi namun tidak berkongsi keuntungan mereka dengan pekerja, terutamanya mereka yang berada di tangga bawah.

    Bagi golongan 40% bawahan, perjuangan untuk keluar dari belenggu pendapatan sederhana akan berterusan dan kebanyakan daripada mereka masih berharap untuk memperoleh jaminan kerja dalam sektor awam yang kini semakin berkurangan dan sukar didapati.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    Ahli Parlimen Serdang

    Carta 1: Permohonan bagi Pembantu Am Gred 11

    Carta 2: Permohonan bagi Pembantu Penyedia Makanan Gred N17

    Carta 3: Permohonan Pegawai IT Gred F41

    [1] http://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2016/08/17/idris-jala-malaysia-no-longer-in-middle-income-trap/

    [2] http://online.spa.gov.my/online/index.php. Ada kemungkinan bahawa segelintir pemohon telah memohon pelbagai pekerjaan sekali gus justeru menaikkan statistik permohonan, contohnya mereka yang memohon untuk pekerjaan N41, N17 dan N11. Jika ini memang berlaku, ia sememangnya menyerlahkan kekurangan peluang dalam pasaran kerja jika mereka berkelayakan untuk memohon jawatan kemasukan peringkat siswazah juga ingin memohon jawatan yang hanya memerlukan kelayakan SPM atau PMR.

  • Mismatch in demand and supply of civil service positions shows that many Malaysians have not escaped from the middle income trap

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, Member of Parliament for Serdang, on the 24th of August 2016

    Mismatch in demand and supply of civil service positions shows that many Malaysians have not escaped from the middle income trap

    When the Economic Transformation Program (ETP) was first launched in 2010, one of its key performance indicators was the creation of an additional 3.3 million jobs by 2020 over 60 percent of which will be in the medium-income or high income salary brackets. Last week, PEMANDU CEO, Datuk Seri Idris Jala, was reported as saying that Malaysia has moved out of the middle income trap.[1] A deeper analysis and understanding of some of the job figures say otherwise.

    If the ETP was successful in creating a vibrant and growing economy that is driven by the private sector, this should result in the creation of many desirable and well-paying jobs in the private sector. But according to figures released by the Public Service Commission (or Suruhanjaya Perkhidmatan Awam (SPA)), the demand for public sector jobs is at an unbelievable high level and far outstrips the supply of such jobs.

    From 2011 to 2015, the SPA received more than 1 million applications for jobs in the civil service. This figure reached a high of 2.1 million in 2013 before falling to 1.59m in 2014 and increasing to 1.63m in 2015 (See Table 1 below). These are very high figures especially considering that the number of civil servants in Malaysia was 1.6m in 2015. While jobs in the civil service will continue to be desirable because of job security and other perks (such as medical care, various allowances and government pensions), this high demand is an indicator that the private sector is not offering enough well-paying jobs to stem the demand for public sector jobs.

    What should be equally worrying is that the number of civil service jobs being offered has decreased from 46,503 in 2011 to 30,964 in 2015. This means that only a small handful of applications are successful in entering into the civil service and this % has decreased from 4.1% in 2011 to 1 mere 1.9% in 2015. This raises the question of what jobs the unsuccessful applicants end up doing.

    Among those successful applicants, a majority (plurality, in some years) of them have only up to a certificate level qualification at most. For example, in 2015, 54% of the successful applicants were hired for jobs which required only a PMR, SPM or Certificate level qualification (See Table 2 below).

    This is a clear indicator that those who desire civil service jobs the most are also those with the lowest qualifications. This is not surprising given that many jobs at the bottom of the economic ladder have been taken up by foreign labour. The only place where foreign labour cannot hold jobs is in the civil service, hence the high number of applications and also appointments at this level.

    This can be seen from the statistics from job application for specific jobs which are taken from the Public Service Commission website.[2] Chart 1 shows the applications and appointments for the position of a general assistant at the Grade 11 level which pays approximately RM1200 as a monthly salary and requires a minimum of PMR as an academic qualification. There were 87281 applicants for 16 positions (0.02%).

    Chart 2 shows the number of applicants and appointments for the position of a food preparation assistant at the Grade 17 level which pays approximately RM1400 as a monthly salary and requires a minimum of SPM as an academic qualification. There were 65041 applications for 24 positions (0.04%).

    Chart 3 shows the applications and appointments for the position of an IT officer at the Grade 41 level which pays approximately RM2300 a month and requires a minimum of a degree as an academic qualification. There were 17895 applicants for 61 positions (0.34%).

    Charts 1 to 3 shows that the demand for public sector jobs far outstrips supply and that the mismatch between demand and supply is at its most acute at the level which requires the lowest academic qualification.

    From a GDP per capita standpoint, Malaysia may have escaped the middle income trap. But those who have benefitted from this increase are the top 20% to 30% with high wages and also businesses which earn large profits but don’t share their earnings with their workers, especially those at the bottom of the ladder.

    For the bottom 40%, the struggle to get out of the middle income trap continues and many of them are still hoping to obtain the security of a public sector job which are becoming more and more scarce.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    Member of Parliament for Serdang

    Chart 1: Applications for General Assistant Grade 11

    Chart 2: Applications for Food Preparation Assistant N17

    Chart 3: Applications for an IT officer Grade 41

    [1] http://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2016/08/17/idris-jala-malaysia-no-longer-in-middle-income-trap/

    [2] http://online.spa.gov.my/online/index.php. It is possible that some of the applicants would have applied for multiple jobs thereby inflating the application statistics e.g. people who apply for the N41, N17 and even N11 jobs. If this was the case, it would only highlight the lack of opportunity in the job market if even those who are qualified to apply for graduate level entry positions would also want to apply for positions which only require a SPM or PMR qualification.

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