• 在决定支持政治献金和开销法令前,政府必须公开这项法令的所有细节

    (2017年3月30日)沙登区国会议员王建民博士的媒体声明

    在决定支持政治献金和开销法令前,政府必须公开这项法令的所有细节

    在2017年3月29日,我和其他同事,包括陆兆福(芙蓉区国会议员),郭素沁(士布爹区国会议员),张建仁(古晋区国会议员),陈国彬(实旦宾区国会议员),林财耀(诗巫区国会议员),黄伟益(丹绒区国会议员)和黄泉安(日落洞区国会议员)前往拜访了首相署部长刘胜权,以一起商讨政治献金和开销法案的事项。

    政治献金国家咨询委员会[1]于2016年9月30日在其网站上已公布了其建议。[2]

    我们也表达自己的失望,特别是这个委员会只选择性地探讨政治献金和开销,而非改革更重要的课题,即是选举委员会及总检察司的独立性。

    我们还在会议上针对该建议所存在的缺点提出了一些看法,其中包括建议提高政治开销的限制和不对各政党和个人的政治捐款设立顶限。此举将进一步地加剧对国阵有利的不公平竞争环境。

    同时,我们也渴望看到政府能实施以下的建议:

    (i) 成立政治献金和开销管理中心和确保它透明和公平的遴选过程。

    (ii) 取代国会,成立政治献金国会特选委员会来监督管理中心的职责

    (iii) 提供联邦拨款给所有国州议员的选区办公室,以确保有效的运作

    (iv) 获得政府合约或政府相关公司不可提供政治捐献

    (v) 让成为受害者的捐献者能采取必要的法律步骤和成立明确的机制来让觉得受到不 平等待遇的捐献者能寻求公道

    我们也告知部长,政府所提供给所有国会议员的联邦拨款应包含目前在野党议员被拒的选区发展基金。

    基于目前正处于技术委员会的处理过程,我们也得知许多有关建议的详情还未获得确认。

    我们也非常感谢部长承诺会继续更新通知大家有关法令建议的发展,并确保不会有任何“意外发展”。

    目前,在决定是否要支持该法令前,我们正等待有关建议的所有细节

    王建民博士
    沙登区国会议员

    Photo: DAP MPs meeting with Paul Low

    [1] http://transparency.org.my/what-we-do/reforming-political-financing/full-report-from-the-national-consultative-committee-on-political-financing/

    [2] http://politicalfinancing.my/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Media-STATEMENT-JKNMPP-English-final-290916.pdf

  • Full details of the Political Donations and Expenditure Act must be known before a decision to support or not can be made

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, Member of Parliament for Serdang, on the 30th of March 2017

    Full details of the Political Donations and Expenditure Act must be known before a decision to support or not can be made

    Yesterday, on the 29th of March, 2017, myself together with my colleagues, Anthony Loke (Seremban), Teresa Kok (Seputeh), Chong Chien Jen (Bandar Kuching), Julian Tan (Stampin), Oscar Ling (Sibu), Jeff Ooi (Jelutong) and Ng Wei Aik (Tanjong) met with Senator Datuk Paul Low, Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department to discuss the details of the Political Donations and Expenditure Act.

    The recommendations[1] of the National Consultative Committee on Political Financing were published on its website on the 30th of September 2016.[2]

    We expressed our disappointment that this committee chose to only focus on political donations and expenditure without addressing larger issues of reform which are linked to political donations and expenditure including the independence of the Election Commission as well as the office of the Attorney General (AG).

    We also highlighted some of the shortcomings of the recommendations including the proposal to lift all spending limits and not to have a cap on political donations to political parties and individuals. This will skew an already uneven playing field in favour of the Barisan Nasional (BN).

    At the same time, we welcome the following recommendations:

    • The creation of an office of the Controller of Political Donations and Expenditure and the assurance of a transparent and fair process to appoint the Controller
    • The creation of a parliamentary standing committee on political financing to scrutinise the work of the Controller on behalf of Parliament
    • That state funding be provided to support the effective operations of the constituency offices of the elected Members of Parliament and elected State Legislative Assembly members
    • The ban on state owned companies and companies receiving government contracts and concessions from making any political contributions
    • Steps to be taken to criminalise discrimination or victimisation of donors and the creation of a mechanism to enable donors who feel they have been unfairly treated to seek justice

    We informed the Minister that state funding for MPs should include access to constituency development funds which are currently being denied to opposition MPs.

    We also took note that many of the finer details to do with the implementation of the proposed act have not yet been confirmed and is in the process of being ironed out by the technical committee.

    We appreciate the assurance by the Minister that he will keep us informed of any future developments with regards to this proposed bill and that he ‘will not spring any surprises’ on us.

    We will await the full details of the proposed bill before we decide on whether to support the bill or not.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    Member of Parliament for Serdang

    Photo: DAP MPs meeting with Paul Low

    [1] http://transparency.org.my/what-we-do/reforming-political-financing/full-report-from-the-national-consultative-committee-on-political-financing/

    [2] http://politicalfinancing.my/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Media-STATEMENT-JKNMPP-English-final-290916.pdf

  • 教育部在实施2015年国际学生评估项目(PISA)得过程中表现出十足的无能

    (2017年3月29日)沙登区国会议员王建民博士,北灵区国会议员潘俭伟和升旗山国会议员再里尔的媒体声明

    教育部在实施2015年国际学生评估项目(PISA)得过程中表现出十足的无能

    在2013年至2025年的国家教育大蓝图(请见图一)里,内容曾提起马来西亚学生在2009年国际学生评估计划(PISA)中差劲的表现,国家排名在全世界三分之一的榜末。过后,马来西亚在2012年的PISA测试中的表现没有看到显着的改善。因此,大家都非常关注2015年的PISA测试成绩,以评估教育部在提升马来西亚在阅读,数学和科学方面的表现和努力。

    图表一:马来西亚在2009PISA测试中与其他国家表现的比较

    不幸的是,尽管马来西亚在2012年至2015年间的阅读,数学和科学成绩和表现有所进步(阅读表现的分数从398上升到431,阅读表现从421上升到446,科学表现从420上升到443),但马来西亚并没有被纳入2015年PISA测试中的排名。根据2015年PISA报告里得说法,“在马来西亚,PISA测试是有根据经合组织(OECD)的标准程序和指导方针来进行。

    然而,抽样参加测试的马来西亚学校(51%)的答复比率远低于PISA测试所要求的85%标准比率。因此,这次马来西亚的表现无法与自己过去的成绩或同年其他国家的成绩来做比较。” [1]

    潘俭伟国会议员在2017年3月22日所获得的国会答复里,记录了教育部对这次不及格的参与率所给出的借口:(i) 学生不习惯使用电脑回答问题,导致他们的测试回答无法被记录成功(ii)在测试期间,发生了数据遗漏和损失等技术问题。

    这些借口无法被接受的原因如其下:

    (i)               教育部自2013年已经花了2年时间来准备2015的PISA测试。[2]

    (ii)              这次已不是马来西亚第一次经历PISA测试得过程。在2009年和2012年,学生的答复率分别为99.3%和100%。为何在2015年,整个学生得答复率突然掉到51%呢?

    (iii)            在PISA测试的成绩报告被揭晓后,教育部曾保证学生和教师都已为这次的PISA测试的参与和进行做了充分的准备。[3]

    教育部承认出现技术问题,已表明自己在执行2015年PISA测试方面表现十分不及格。正因如此,马来西亚陷入不被列入PISA排名的尴尬处境。

    因此,教育部不应该吹嘘马来西亚这次在PISA测试的进步,因为PISA报告已明确表示我国2015年的分数表现不能与过往PISA成绩进行比较。相反,教育部应该提呈一份报告,里面应该说明参赛学校的样本和解释为什么没有达到85%的答复率。副教育部长张盛闻在2016年12月曾承诺将公布这样的一份报告,但到迄今为止,我们还没有看到这份报告。[4]

    图表二:教育部所提供的理由,为何马来西亚在2015PISA测试中取得51%的答复率

    王建民博士
    沙登区国会议员

    [1] PISA 2015 Results – Policies & Practices for Successful Schools Vol.II, pg. 261.

    [2] http://english.astroawani.com/malaysia-news/malaysia-capable-improving-its-position-pisa-2015-26809

    [3] http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2015/02/13/students-being-prepped-for-pisa-assessment/

    [4] http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/report-on-malaysias-pisa-disqualification-underway

  • The Ministry of Education is guilty of gross incompetence in administering the 2015 PISA test

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, MP for Serdang,  Tony Pua, MP for Petaling Jaya Utara and Zairil Khir Johari, MP for Bukit Bendera, on the 29th of March 2017

    The Ministry of Education is guilty of gross incompetence in administering the 2015 PISA test

    The poor performance of Malaysian students in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in 2009, where Malaysia was ranked in the bottom third of all countries, was highlighted in the National Education Blueprint 2013 to 2025 (See Figure 1). Malaysia’s performance in the 2012 PISA test did not show significant improvement. Not surprisingly, there was much attention on the 2015 PISA test scores to see if the efforts of the Ministry of Education would be able to boost Malaysia’s performance in Reading, Mathematics and Science.

    Figure 1: Comparison of Malaysia’s PISA 2009+ ranking and scores against other countries (selected)

    Unfortunately, even though Malaysia’s scores for Reading, Mathematics and Science did show an increase from 2012 to 2015 (from 398 to 431 for Reading, from 421 to 446 in Mathematics, from 420 to 443 in Science), Malaysia was not included in the 2015 PISA ranking. According to the 2015 PISA report, “In Malaysia, the PISA assessment was conducted in accordance with the operational standards and guidelines of the OECD. However, the weighted response rate among the initially sampled Malaysian schools (51%) falls well short of the standard PISA response rate of 85%. Therefore, the results may not be comparable to those of other countries or to results for Malaysia from previous years”.[1]

    In a parliamentary reply to MP Tony Pua, on the 22nd of March, 2017, the excuses given by the Ministry of Education for this low response include: (i) students were not used to answering the questions using computers resulting in their response not being recorded and (ii) technical problems such as damaged data and data which were lost during the taking of the test.

    These excuses are unacceptable for the following reasons:

    • The Ministry of Education had at least 2 years, starting in 2013, to prepare for the 2015 PISA test.[2]
    • This is not the first time which Malaysia is going through the PISA process. In 2009, the response rate for the students selected was 99.3% and in 2012, it was 100.0%. How was it that in 2015, the response rate had dropped to 51%?
    • Before the release of the PISA report, the Ministry of Education had given assurances that both students and teachers had been adequately prepared for the taking and administering of the PISA tests.[3]

    The admission of these technical failures shows that the Ministry of Education was grossly incompetent in administering the 2015 PISA tests. In doing so, it has put Malaysia in an embarrassing situation of not being featured in the PISA rankings.

    The Ministry of Education should not be boasting about Malaysia’s improvement in its PISA scores since the PISA report has clearly stated that our 2015 scores cannot be compared to past PISA scores. Instead, it should issue a detailed report on why the sample of schools included in the PISA test and explain why the response rate of 85% was not reached. Deputy Education Minister, Chong Sin Woon, promised in December 2016 that such a detailed report would be released but till now, we have seen no such report.[4]

    Figure 2: Reasons given on why Malaysia only managed a 51% response rate for the 2015 PISA test

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    Member of Parliament for Serdang

    [1] PISA 2015 Results – Policies & Practices for Successful Schools Vol.II, pg. 261.

    [2] http://english.astroawani.com/malaysia-news/malaysia-capable-improving-its-position-pisa-2015-26809

    [3] http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2015/02/13/students-being-prepped-for-pisa-assessment/

    [4] http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/report-on-malaysias-pisa-disqualification-underway

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