• Close to 7,000 Problematic and “Red” and “Green” Sabah ICs in Peninsular Malaysia and Sarawak

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, Election Strategist, DAP in Kuala Lumpur on Saturday, 23rd of March, 2013 in Kuala Lumpur

    Close to 7,000 Problematic and “Red” and “Green” Sabah ICs in Peninsular Malaysia and Sarawak

    Earlier this week, I revealed that there were more than 60,000 potentially dubious voters in Sabah – what I call P1 to P3 voters – in the electoral roll based on dubious old IC numbers highlighted in the Sabah RCI. I also revealed the presence of 7,475 voters in Sabah with “Red” and “Green” old IC numbers meaning that they were (or perhaps still are) non-Malaysians who were permanent and temporary residents respectively.

    Today, I want to reveal that this problem also affects Peninsular Malaysia and Sarawak. A search of the Quarter 1 2012 Electoral Roll in Peninsular Malaysia showed that there were 6840 voters with P1 to P3 Old IC numbers and “Red” and “Green” Old IC numbers.  The state of Selangor tops the list with 2,412 such voters (35.4%) followed by Johor with 1190 such voters (17.4%) and KL with 952 (13.9%) (Table 1)

    Table 1: P1 to P3, “Red” and “Green” Old ICs in Peninsular Malaysia states (Q1 2012 electoral roll)


    (Note: The 11 P3 voters have since been deleted)

    The evidence thus far reveals that that a total of 74,988 potentially dubious voters – P1 to P3 and “Red” and “Green” old ICs – in Sabah, Sarawak and Peninsular Malaysia. (60,673 P1 to P3 voters in Sabah, 7,475 “Red” and “Green” voters in Sabah, 6,840 P1 to P3 and “Red” and “Green” voters in the rest of Malaysia)

    I repeat the call for the National Registration Department and the Election Commission to conduct a joint investigation to determine if these 74,988 voters are genuine voters who have been given their ICs and / or citizenship by following the proper procedures.

    I stand ready to present all of my evidence to the Sabah RCI if I am asked to testify.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming

    Election Strategist, DAP

  • The Election Commission and the National Registration Department should conduct an immediate investigation into the 7,475 voters in Sabah with “Red” and “Green” old IC numbers to verify if they have been naturalized as citizens and hence voters via the proper procedures and channels

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, Election Strategist, DAP in Kuala Lumpur on Friday, 22nd of March, 2013 in Kuala Lumpur

    The Election Commission and the National Registration Department should conduct an immediate investigation into the 7475 voters in Sabah with “Red” and “Green” old IC numbers to verify if they have been naturalized as citizens and hence voters via the proper procedures and channels

    Earlier this week, on Tuesday, March 19th, 2013, I, together with my colleagues from DAP Sabah, revealed that there were more than 60,000 voters with old ICs that were considered “problematic” by Ruslan bin Alias, an assistant head in the IC division of Sabah / Sarawak in the National Registration Department, during his testimony in the Sabah RCI.

    In his testimony, Ruslan also provided a list of old IC numbers which were allocated to non-Malaysian permanent residents – termed “Red” ICs or IC “Merah” – and to non-Malaysian temporary residents – termed “Green” ICs or IC “Hijau”. The “Red” ICs were allocated old IC numbers ranging from H6000000 to H6040000 while the “Green” ICs were allocated old IC numbers ranging from H8000000 to H8040000 (Appendix 1 below).

    When we investigated the latest Quarter 4 2012 electoral roll, which will be the roll that will most likely be used for the upcoming general election, we found that there were 7029 voters with old IC numbers belonging to the “Red” IC range and 446 voters with old IC numbers belonging to the “Green” IC range. This means that there could be potentially 7475 who are non-Malaysian residents who are not eligible to register to vote but who have been put on the electoral roll.

    Not surprisingly, the seats with the highest number and % of these “Red” and “Green” voters are also the seats with the highest number and % of problematic old ICs. In fact, the top three seats for “Red” and “Green” voters and for the “problematic” ICs are the same – namely P188 Silam, P190 Tawau and P191 Kalabakan. These three seats hold more than half (52.6%) of voters with “Red” and “Green” old IC numbers – Kalabakan has 1704 or 22.8%, Tawau has 1326 or 17.7% and Silam has 903 of 12.1% (Appendix 2). They include 20 voters – 19 of whom are “Red” and 1 who is “Green” – who are located in the Kg Tanjung Labian locality, which has been one of the flashpoints in the ongoing Sabah terrorist invasion (Appendix 3).

    While some of these “Red” and “Green” voters may have since obtained citizenship and thus have become eligible to register as voters, the fact that they are located in the very seats with a large number of “problematic” ICs warrants that these cases be investigated more thoroughly.

    As such, we call upon the National Registration Department (NRD) and the Election Commission (EC) to conduct an immediate joint investigation into these 7475 “Red” and “Green” voters to verify that these registered voters who were once (or perhaps still are?) non-Malaysian permanent and temporary residents have been granted citizenship through the proper procedures and are thus eligible to remain on the electoral roll. If any or all of these IC holders are found not to be Malaysian citizens or were awarded their ‘citizenship’ under dubious circumstances, we call on the Election Commission (EC) to immediately remove them from the electoral roll. The presence of these potentially dubious voters casts a further cloud on the electoral roll in Sabah and hence on the freeness and fairness of the electoral process in Sabah.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming, DAP Election Strategist

    Appendix 1: Range of old ICs according to status of residency and citizenship

    Appendix 2: Distribution of “Red” and “Green” voters across the parliament seats in Sabah

    Appendix 3: List of 20 “Red” (19) and “Green” (1) Voters in Kg Tanjung Labian in the Silam parliament seat

  • Prime Minister Najib should issue an immediate correction to his ‘boast’ that Malaysia’s GNI per capita has increased by 49% from 2009 and 2012 and explain the failure of the ETP to achieve its 6% growth target for 2011 and 2012

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, DAP Election Strategist, on Thursday, 21st of March, 2013 in Kuala Lumpur

    Prime Minister Najib should issue an immediate correction to his ‘boast’ that Malaysia’s GNI per capita has increased by 49% from 2009 and 2012 and explain the failure of the ETP to achieve its 6% growth target for 2011 and 2012

    After ‘boasting’, not once, but twice, on national television that Malaysia’s GNI per capita has grown by 49% from US$6700 in 2009 to US$9970 in 2012, the CEO of PEMANDU and Minister in the Prime Minister’s Department, Idris Jala has revised this growth figure down to 41%.[1] This was after DAP parliamentary leader, Lim Kit Siang, as well as Executive Director of Research for Social Advancement (REFSA), Teh Chi Chang, and myself criticize the Prime Minister and PEMANDU for misleading the public for using wrong numbers to calculate the growth in our country’s GNI per capita.

    It was reported in Kinibiz that “Pemandu said the change in figures was due to the adoption of the latest version of the United Nations Systems of National Accounting (SNA 2008) in 2012 which had pushed the GNI per capita up for 2009 from US$6700 to US$7059.”

    One wonders why, with all the resources which PEMANDU has, that it did not correct this figure earlier especially when the aforementioned United Nations figure was available in December 2012! Was PEMANDU merely incompetent in providing wrong figures to the Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, Najib Tun Razak, or was he hoping that the Malaysian public would not notice this intentional manipulation of figures in order to inflate the results of the Economic Transformation Program (ETP)?

    The fact is that using GNI per capita figures in US$ clearly exaggerates the growth in our economy in a way that masks the actual failure of the ETP to deliver on its targets. If the Prime Minister had used GNI per capita in RM instead, which is the figure published by most, if not all, of the relevant departments and agencies – the Department of Statistics, the Ministry of Finance, Bank Negara Malaysia – our GNI per capita growth rate would have come in at a much more pedestrian 24%, from RM24,879 in 2009 to RM30,809 in 2012. In fact, this growth rate works out to an annual rate of 7.4% (compounded) from 2009 to

    2012, which is lower than the 8.2% GNI per cap growth rate from 2001 to 2010, when there was no Economic Transformation Program (ETP) or PEMANDU.

    The exaggeration of the GNI per capita figure also hides the reality that the ETP failed to deliver on its promise of a 6% annual real growth rate since real GNI grew only by 4.3% in 2012 and by 4.9% in 2011.

    Given this new revelation made by Minister Idris Jala, Prime Minister Najib should immediately make a correction to his announcement that Malaysia’s GNI per cap has increased by 49% from 2009 to 2012. He should also clarify that Malaysia’s GNI per cap in RM has only increased by 24% from 2009 and 2012 and explain to the Malaysian public why the ETP failed to deliver on its 6% growth target for 2011 and 2012.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming, DAP Election Strategist

  • A big fat F for Fail (Part 2): The ETP has failed ordinary Malaysians

    This is a statement by not-for-profit research institute REFSA (Research for Social Advancement) released on Thursday, 21 March 2013. 

    (Read Part 1 here)

    The perception manipulation and deception surrounding the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP) masks much more than the mediocre economic growth and dodgy math that we spotlighted yesterday. Today, we draw attention to 3 points:

    1. The ETP experienced a spectacular reversal in investments in 2012 in its second full year. Committed investments slumped 82% from RM179.2b in 2011 to RM32.1b in 2012;
    2. Not only did investments shrink, they were also of lower quality. Each ringgit of committed investments in 2012 is expected to generate less national income and create jobs that pay lower than the investments committed in 2011;
    3. The sharp contradiction between the fact that over 20 million Malaysians, nearly 70%, of our population, are poor enough to qualify for the BR1M welfare handouts even while PEMANDU trumpets we are on-track to high-income status.

    If PEMANDU and the ETP were truly about transforming our nation for the better, there must be far more emphasis on improving education, skills and the social and business environment. They must also have the political will to combat grand corruption rather than just clear red tape and increase competition by dismantling monopolies which are controlled by political cronies.

    Finally they must be honest and transparent about their achievements rather than resort to manipulating statistics in order to deceive the public. Only then can we take real steps towards a future where all Malaysians can have the dignity of decent jobs, housing and security.

    ETP Failed: Committed investments collapsed in 2012

    ETP Failed: Committed investments collapsed in 2012

    The ETP experienced a spectacular reversal in its second full year of existence in 2012. The value of committed investments in 2012, their Gross National Income (GNI) impact and the number of jobs created collapsed compared to the previous year.

    • Committed investments slumped 82% from RM179.2b in 2011 to RM32.1b in 2012;
    • These investments were also less income accretive. The Gross National Income (GNI) impact of the committed 2012 investments plunged 95% from RM129.5b in 2011 to a mere RM6.6b in 2012;
    • Reflecting the low value-added nature of these investments, the number of jobs expected to be created fell too but by a smaller 70% from 313,741 in 2011 to 94,702 in 2012.

    In simple terms, each Ringgit of committed investments in 2012 is expected to generate less GNI and create jobs that pay lower than the investments committed in 2011. The GNI for each job created by the 2012 committed investments is 83% lower at RM69,692 GNI per job in 2012 compared to RM412,761 in 2011. In terms of capital intensity, the investments per job fell 41% from RM571,172 in 2011 to RM338,958 in 2012.

    Table 1: Committed Investments, GNI Impact in 2020 and number of jobs created from Entry Point Projects collapsed in 2012

    2011

    2012

    Total

    Change

    %Change

    Investments

    RM179.2b

    RM32.1b

    RM211.3b

    -147.1

    -82%

    GNI in 2020

    RM129.5b

    RM6.6b

    RM136.1b

    -122.9

    -95%

    Jobs

    313,741

    94,702

    408,443

    -219,039

    -70%

    Source: Exhibit E, 2012 ETP Annual Report 

    ETP failed: What happened to the shovel-ready projects?

    Repeating the experience of 2011, the 2012 ETP Annual Report also avoided stating the amount of actual investments compared to committed investments. In our earlier critiques, we called out PEMANDU [1]  for failing to declare in its 2011 ETP Annual Report that actual investments in 2011 was only RM12.9b. This is  a mere 7% of the committed RM179b [2].

    The 2012 ETP Annual Report is no different. It leaves us all in the dark as to how much of the committed investments from the 2011 as well as 2012 have been actually invested. Any reasonable Malaysian would expect to see a large amount of actual investments in 2012 from the RM179b committed by 2011 Entry Point Projects (EPPs). They have had a whole year or more to be rolled out, and would have had the help of PEMANDU cutting red tape and fast tracking processes.

    The 2012 ETP Annual Report also fails to state the breakdown of investments between the public (government) and private sector. This information is important as a major target of the ETP is to have the private sector contribute 92% of the investment necessary to drive the ETP.

    The miserable investment, GNI impact and job figures for 2012 coupled with the absence of disclosure on the amount of actual investments and the public-private breakdown suggests the following logical conclusions:

    1. That many of the announced EPPs, especially those in 2011, have failed to take off;
    2. That the private sector is not driving the EPPs as originally envisioned; and
    3. That the private sector is losing confidence and interest in the ETP.

    The 2012 ETP Annual Report attempts to skirt the issue by saying that many of the EPPs were front-loaded [3]. However, even on that basis, the RM211.3b of total investments for 2011 and 2012 is nearly RM30b short of the RM240b for two years originally targeted by the ETP [4].

    Further evidence of the failure of 2011 EPPs to take off is the fact that the 2012 ETP Annual Report could only highlight the completion of a RM4.9m new restaurant for the RM9.6b Karambunai Integrated Resort City. The absence of any news on the RM3 billion Tanjong Agas Oil & Gas and Logistics Industrial Park in Pahang also points to the possibility that this massive EPP has grounded to a halt. Incidentally, these are two projects which we highlighted as ‘dodgy’ EPPs as far back as February 2012 [5].

    ETP Failed: More Malaysians qualify for BR1M payments than before

    Ironically, it is another so-called ‘achievement’ of PEMANDU which strips bare the total failure of the ETP in terms of sustainably raising the incomes of those at the bottom of the economic ladder. When launching the ETP, PEMANDU said, “A key focus will be on ensuring that substantial improvements are made for people with the lowest household incomes. [6]”

    Sadly, PEMANDU’s approach has been mega contracts for the big boys, while placating poor Malaysians with crumbs that momentarily lift their incomes. The number of Malaysians eligible for welfare has been steadily increasing under PEMANDU’s tenure. It was originally estimated that only 3.4m households comprising 53% of total households in Malaysia earned less than the RM3,000 per month threshold for entitlement to the RM500 Bantuan Rakyat 1 Malaysia (BR1M) handout [7]. But ultimately, approximately 4.2 million applications were approved which resulted in RM2.1b being paid instead of the originally anticipated RM1.8b. Under the latest BR1M 2.0, which also includes individuals earning less than RM2000 per month, a total of 6.1m applications have been approved [8].

    If GNI per capita has indeed soared 48.8% in two years as PEMANDU claims, why has the number of Malaysians who are eligible for welfare handouts increased rather than decreased? Over 20 million Malaysians, or nearly 70% of our population are on welfare while PEMANDU trumpets projects and investments under the ETP.

    ETP Failed: To Transform Malaysia

    The ETP Annual Reports and publicity focusing on investments, projects and US$ income proves our view that the ETP is only there to help the ‘big boys’ who can lobby PEMANDU to fast track their projects rather than measures that help ordinary Malaysians sustainably improve their livelihoods [9].

    If PEMANDU and the ETP were truly about transforming our nation for the better, there must be far more emphasis on improving education, skills and the social and business environment. They must also have the political will to combat grand corruption rather than just clear red tape and increase competition by dismantling monopolies which are controlled by political cronies. Finally they must be honest and transparent about their achievements rather than resort to manipulating statistics in order to deceive the public. Only then can we take real steps towards a future where all Malaysians can have the dignity of decent jobs, housing and security.

    Teh Chi-Chang, CFA
    Executive Director

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming BSc (LSE), MPhil (Cantab), PhD (Duke)
    Visiting Contributor


    [1] The acronym that the Performance Management and Delivery Unit within the prime minister’s department is better known by. PEMANDU is the government agency that created and is now steering the ETP.

    [2] Covered in Part 3 of our series Dissecting the ETP Annual Report: It was only RM12.9 billion of ACTUAL investment. Available at www.refsa.org.

    [3] Pg.10, 2012 ETP Annual Report

    [4] The ETP calls for investments of RM120 billion per year. Pg.20 of ETP – A Roadmap for Malaysia Report.

    [5] Covered in our Focus Paper A Critique of the ETP (Part 3(iii)) – Doubtful EPPs; doubtful achievements and due diligence. Available at www.refsa.org

    [6] Pg. 60 of the ‘ETP – A Roadmap for Malaysia’ report

    [7] pg 35, 2012 Budget speech by Finance Minister and Prime Minister Dato Sri Najib Razak.

    [8] http://www.nst.com.my/latest/5-3-million-br1m-2-0-vouchers-claimed-1.237738

    [9] Covered in our Focus Paper A Critique of the ETP (Part 3(i)) –  PEMANDU strengthens the ‘know-who’ cancer  and also in Part 5 of our series Dissecting the ETP Annual Report, The EPPs do not seem to be creating high-income jobs. Available at www.refsa.org

    This article was published as a statement by REFSA.

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