• Sungguhpun jumlah wakil rakyat wanita Pakatan Rakyat lebih tinggi daripada jumlah wakil rakyat wanita BN, perwakilan kaum wanita di peringkat Dewan Rakyat dan Dewan Negeri masih jauh ketinggalan daripada sasaran 30%. Sistem pilihanraya harus direformasikan segera malah sistem perwakilan bernisbah (‘proportional representation’) harus diperkenalkan demi mempertingkatkan perwakilan kaum wanita dalam hal-ehwal politik negara.

    KENYATAAN MEDIA Teresa Kok, Lim Lip Eng dan Dr. Ong Kian Ming di Kuala Lumpur, 13hb Mei 2013

    Sungguhpun jumlah wakil rakyat wanita Pakatan Rakyat lebih tinggi daripada jumlah wakil rakyat wanita BN, perwakilan kaum wanita di peringkat Dewan Rakyat dan Dewan Negeri masih jauh ketinggalan daripada sasaran 30%. Sistem pilihanraya harus direformasikan segera malah sistem perwakilan bernisbah (‘proportional representation’) harus diperkenalkan demi mempertingkatkan perwakilan kaum wanita dalam hal-ehwal politik negara.

    Dalam PRU13 yang lalu, seramai 56 calon wanita daripada jumlah keseluruhan 523 orang calon (10.7%) telah bertanding di peringkat Parlimen, termasuk calon bebas dan calon yang bukan berpihak kepada BN atau PR. BN telah mencalonkan seramai 22 orang wanita untuk jawatan Ahli Parlimen, dan PR juga telah mencalonkan seramai 22 orang wanita untuk jawatan Ahli Parlimen juga. Di peringkat ADUN pula, seramai 112 calon wanita daripada jumlah keseluruhan 1210 calon (9.3%) telah bertanding. PR telah mencalonkan seramai 55 calon wanita di peringkat ADUN manakala BN telah mencalonkan 49 calon wanita di peringkat ADUN yang sama.

    Dari segi kerusi Parlimen yang dipegang selepas PRU13, 13 daripada 133 Ahli Parlimen BN adalah wanita (9.8%) manakala 9 daripada 89 Ahli Parlimen PR adalah wanita (10.1%). Di peringkat negeri pula, perwakilan wanita Pakatan Rakyat lebih tinggi daripada BN, di mana 32 daripada 229 ADUN PR (14%) adalah wanita manakala hanya 26 daripada 275 ADUN BN adalah wanita (9.5%).

    Dari segi perwakilan wanita sebagai wakil rakyat BN, UMNO jelas mendominasi. Contohnya, 8 daripada 13 Ahli Parlimen wanita BN (61.5%) dan 25 daripada 26 ADUN wanita adalah ahli UMNO (96%). Di Semenanjung Malaysia, kesemua 8 Ahli Parlimen wanita dan 23 ADUN wanita adalah ahli UMNO. Dengan kata lain, MCA, GERAKAN dan MIC telah gagal berjaya mendapatkan seseorang Ahli Parlimen atau ADUN wanita pun dilantik sebagai wakil rakyat di Semenanjung Malaysia.

    Jika dibandingkan, distribusi Ahli Parlimen dan ADUN dalam Pakatan Rakyat jelas lebih seimbang. Daripada kesemua 9 Ahli Parlimen wanita PR, 3 merupakan ahli PKR, 2 merupakan ahli PAS dan 4 merupakan ahli DAP. Daripada kesemua 32 ADUN wanita PR pula, 8 merupakan ahli PKR, 6 merupakan ahli PAS dan 18 merupakan ahli DAP.

    Daripada 15 ADUN DAP di Selangor, 5 atau satu pertiga adalah wanita. Daripada 12 ADUN DAP di Johor, 4 adalah wanita. Pada masa yang sama, untuk kali pertama dalam sejarah DAP, 3 orang wanita kaum India telah diundi menjadi wakil rakyat, iaitu Kasturi Patto (P46 Batu Kawan, Penang), Kamache A/P Doray Rajoo (N35 Sabai, Pahang) dan Mary Josephine Prittam Singh (N22 Rahang, Negeri Sembilan). Di samping itu, DAP telah mencalonkan 2 calon wanita di kawasan yang sama – iaitu Teo Nie Ching di P163 Kulai dan Wong Shu Qi di N22 Senai – yang telah memenangi kedua-dua kerusi tersebut dengan lebih daripada 10,000 undi.

    DAP akan berusaha keras untuk menarik minat lebih ramai orang wanita yang berkemampuan untuk mengganggotai DAP dengan tujuan mencalonkan mereka untuk bertanding dalam pilihanraya umum yang seterusnya. DAP penuh komited untuk menambah lagi peluang bagi pemimpin dan calon wanita untuk menimba pengalaman dalam bidang politik. Contohnya, Teresa Kok, Lee Kee Hiong dan Kasturi Patto semuanya telah menimba ilmu sebagai setiausaha politik / pembantu kepada Lim Kit Siang sebelum diundi menjadi wakil rakyat. Baru-baru ini, saudara Lim telahpun melantik Dyana Sofya Mohd Daud sebagai setiausaha politik untuk Gelang Patah.

    Sasaran yang telah ditetapkan adalah untuk peratus calon dan wakil rakyat wanita mencecah sekurang-kurangnya 30%. Untuk mencapai matlamat tersebut, reformasi sistem pilihanraya amat diperlukan dan sistem perwakilan bernisbah (‘proportional representation’) harus diperkenalkan di Malaysia. Sistem perwakilan bernisbah ini telah dibuktikan berjaya di negara lain seperti Norway dan Finland di mana jumlah dan peratus wakil rakyat wanita telah meningkat selepas sistem tersebut diperkenalkan.

    Teresa Kok, Ahli Parlimen Seputeh, Lim Lip Eng, Ahli Parlimen Segambut, Dr. Ong Kian Ming, Ahli Parlimen Serdang

    Jadual 1: Senarai Ahli Parlimen wanita Pakatan Rakyat

    Jadual 2: Senarai ADUN wanita Pakatan Rakyat

  • While Pakatan Rakyat’s share of elected women’s representatives is higher than that of the BN’s, women’s representation in Parliament and State is still far short of the 30% target. Urgent electoral reform to introduce a proportional representation (PR) system is needed to increase women’s representation.

    Media Statement by Teresa Kok, Lim Lip Eng and Dr. Ong Kian Ming in Kuala Lumpur, 13th May, 2013

    While Pakatan Rakyat’s share of elected women’s representatives is higher than that of the BN’s, women’s representation in Parliament and State is still far short of the 30% target. Urgent electoral reform to introduce a proportional representation (PR) system is needed to increase women’s representation.

    In the recently concluded 13th General Elections, there were 56 female candidates out of 523 total candidates (10.7%) at the MP level, including independents and non-BN and non-PR (Pakatan Rakyat) parties. The BN fielded 22 female MP candidates. Pakatan also fielded 22 female MP candidates. At the ADUN level, there were 112 female candidates out of 1210 total candidates (9.3%). Pakatan Rakyat (PR) fielded 55 female candidates at the ADUN level while BN fielded 49 female candidates at the ADUN level.

    In terms of elected representatives, 13 out of 133 BN MPs are women (9.8%) while 9 out of Pakatan’s 89 parliamentarians are women (10.1%). At the state level, Pakatan’s women representation is higher than BN’s.  32 out of Pakatan’s 229 ADUNs (14%) are women while only 26 out of BN’s 275 ADUNs are women (9.5%).

    In terms of the breakdown of women representatives within the BN, UMNO clearly dominates. For example, 8 out of 13 BN female MPs (61.5%) and 25 out of 26 female ADUNS are from UMNO (96%). In Peninsular Malaysia, all 8 women MPs and 23 ADUNs are from UMNO. In other words, MCA, GERAKAN and MIC failed to have a single woman MP or ADUN elected into office in Peninsular Malaysia.

    In contrast, the distribution of female MPs and ADUNs is much more even within Pakatan. Of the 9 female Pakatan MPs, 3 are from PKR, 2 are from PAS and 4 are from DAP. Of the 32 female Pakatan ADUNs, 8 are from PKR, 6 are from PAS and 18 are from DAP.

    Of DAP’s 15 ADUNs in Selangor, 5 or one-third are females. Of the DAP’s 12 ADUNs in Johor, 4 are female. In addition, for the first time in DAP’s history, 3 female Indian representatives were elected into office, namely, Kasturi Patto (P46 Batu Kawan, Penang), Kamache A/P Doray Rajoo (N35 Sabai, Pahang) and Mary Josephine Prittam Singh (N22 Rahang, Negeri Sembilan). In addition, DAP also successfully fielded two women candidates in the same area – Teo Nie Ching in P163 Kulai and Wong Shu Qi in N22 Senai – both of whom won their seats with more than 10,000 votes.

    The DAP will continue to work hard in order to attract more capable female members into the party with the intention of fielding them in the next general election. The DAP is committed to increasing the opportunities for women leaders and candidates to gain political experience and exposure. For example, Teresa Kok, Lee Kee Hiong and Kasturi Patto gained invaluable experience as Lim Kit Siang’s political secretaries / assistants before they were elected into office. Mr. Lim also recently appointed Dyana Sofya Mohd Daud as his political secretary for Gelang Patah.

    The eventual goal is to achieve at least 30% female candidates and elected representatives. In order to achieve this, there needs to be a reform of the electoral system to a Proportional Representation (PR) system, which has been proven to be effective in other countries such as Norway and Finland to increase the number and % of female elected representatives.

    Teresa Kok, MP for Seputeh, Lim Lip Eng, MP for Segambut, Dr. Ong Kian Ming, MP for Serdang

    Appendix 1: List of Pakatan female MPs

    Appendix 2: List of Pakatan female ADUNs

  • GE2013 results shows that it was a Malaysian Tsunami and not a Chinese Tsunami that increased Pakatan’s popular vote and number of parliament and state seats

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, DAP Election Strategist, in Kuala Lumpur on the 10th of May, 2013

    GE2013 results shows that it was a Malaysian Tsunami and not a Chinese Tsunami that increased Pakatan’s popular vote and number of parliament and state seats

    1. Pakatan’s popular vote in the whole of Malaysia increased from 47.6% in 2008 to 50.9% in 2013, representing a 3.2% increase in Pakatan’s support. BN’s popular vote decreased from 51.4% in 2008 to 47.4% in 2013, a 4.0% decrease.

    2013 2008 Increase / Decrease
    BN 47.4% 51.4% -4.0%
    Pakatan 50.9% 47.6% 3.2%

    Calculations were made using only valid votes at the parliament level.

    2. Pakatan increased its share of parliament seats from 37% in 2008 to 40% in 2013 by winning at extra 7 parliament seats.

    2013 Parliament 2008 Parliament Increase / Decrease
    PKR 30 31 -1
    PAS 21 23 -2
    DAP 38 28 +10
    TOTAL 89 82 +7

    3. Pakatan won 32 more state seats in 2013. All three Pakatan parties won more state seats in 2013. Pakatan won 45% of total state seats in 2013 compared to 39% in 2008, a 6% increased.

    2013 State 2008 State Increase / Decrease
    PAS 85 83 +2
    PKR 49 41 +8
    DAP 95 73 +22
    TOTAL 229 197 +32

    4. Pakatan’s support increased in 11 out of 13 states and in the Federal Territories including in the Malay majority states of Perlis, Terengganu and Pahang where the % of Malay voters is 70% and higher.

    NEGERI BN%2013 PR%2013 BN%2008 PR%2008 BN% (Increase / Decrease) PR% (Increase / Decrease)
    PERLIS

    55.4%

    44.3%

    60.1%

    39.9%

    -4.8%

    4.4%

    KEDAH

    50.6%

    48.5%

    46.8%

    53.2%

    3.8%

    -4.7%

    KELANTAN

    43.0%

    53.7%

    44.7%

    55.0%

    -1.8%

    -1.3%

    TERENGGANU

    51.4%

    48.5%

    55.1%

    44.7%

    -3.7%

    3.7%

    PULAU PINANG

    31.6%

    67.8%

    36.9%

    63.0%

    -5.3%

    4.8%

    PERAK

    44.9%

    54.7%

    46.5%

    53.3%

    -1.6%

    1.4%

    PAHANG

    55.2%

    44.4%

    59.5%

    40.5%

    -4.3%

    3.8%

    SELANGOR

    39.0%

    59.4%

    44.3%

    55.4%

    -5.3%

    4.0%

    W.P. KL & PUTRAJAYA

    35.3%

    63.9%

    38.3%

    61.6%

    -3.1%

    2.4%

    NEGERI SEMBILAN

    51.0%

    47.3%

    54.7%

    45.1%

    -3.7%

    2.2%

    MELAKA

    53.8%

    46.2%

    57.4%

    42.6%

    -3.6%

    3.6%

    JOHOR

    54.9%

    45.0%

    65.3%

    34.7%

    -10.3%

    10.3%

    SABAH

    55.0%

    35.9%

    61.6%

    32.5%

    -6.6%

    3.4%

    SARAWAK

    58.9%

    37.3%

    64.2%

    28.3%

    -5.3%

    8.9%

    TOTAL MSIA

    47.4%

    50.9%

    51.4%

    47.6%

    -4.0%

    3.2%

    Notes: Calculations made based on valid votes only, Sabah includes Labuan, Change in BN may not equal Change in PR for some states because of the presence of independent and non-BN & non-PR candidates

    5. There are 23 Malay majority (Malay% > 50%) parliamentary seats where PR increased its support by 5% or more from 2008 to 2013. This increase in support could not have been possible if there wasn’t increased support from the Malay voters who form the majority of voters. For example, in P2 Kangar which is a 80.7% Malay seat, PR increased its support by 16.1%. Similarly, in P41 Kepala Batas, which is a 76% Malay seat, PR increased its support by 11.8%, could not have happened without increased support from the Malay voters. The reason why not much attention has been paid to these seats is because although PR made significant gains in these seats, they did not win these seats.

    NEGERI PARLIAMENT CODE PARLIAMENT NAME PR%2013 PR%2008 ChangePR% MALAY%
    PERLIS P002 KANGAR

    45.3%

    29.2%

    16.1%

    80.7%

    JOHOR P141 SEKIJANG

    45.9%

    30.4%

    15.6%

    55.5%

    JOHOR P160 JOHOR BAHRU

    43.5%

    28.5%

    15.0%

    50.8%

    JOHOR P149 SRI GADING

    42.6%

    30.1%

    12.6%

    62.6%

    NEGERI SEMBILAN P126 JELEBU

    40.4%

    28.4%

    12.1%

    63.1%

    PULAU PINANG P041 KEPALA BATAS

    45.5%

    33.6%

    11.8%

    76.3%

    SELANGOR P093 SUNGAI BESAR

    49.5%

    39.8%

    9.7%

    65.6%

    JOHOR P153 SEMBRONG

    34.8%

    25.5%

    9.3%

    57.7%

    W.P. KUALA LUMPUR P118 SETIAWANGSA

    48.7%

    39.7%

    9.0%

    56.1%

    NEGERI SEMBILAN P127 JEMPOL

    42.0%

    33.0%

    9.0%

    60.1%

    JOHOR P144 LEDANG

    48.3%

    39.8%

    8.5%

    52.8%

    JOHOR P151 SIMPANG RENGGAM

    41.6%

    33.1%

    8.5%

    56.4%

    NEGERI SEMBILAN P133 TAMPIN

    38.3%

    30.3%

    7.9%

    61.3%

    PERAK P055 LENGGONG

    42.5%

    35.0%

    7.6%

    81.8%

    JOHOR P164 PONTIAN

    33.6%

    26.4%

    7.2%

    68.7%

    JOHOR P146 MUAR

    47.9%

    40.8%

    7.2%

    62.1%

    W.P. KUALA LUMPUR P125 PUTRAJAYA

    30.7%

    24.2%

    6.4%

    94.1%

    JOHOR P147 PARIT SULONG

    37.9%

    31.5%

    6.4%

    72.2%

    JOHOR P143 PAGOH

    33.8%

    27.9%

    5.9%

    64.0%

    JOHOR P155 TENGGARA

    24.9%

    19.7%

    5.2%

    72.0%

    JOHOR P154 MERSING

    28.5%

    23.3%

    5.2%

    78.4%

    PAHANG P084 PAYA BESAR

    40.0%

    35.0%

    5.1%

    81.2%

    PAHANG P079 LIPIS

    42.9%

    37.9%

    5.0%

    75.9%

    6. There are 8 Malay majority (>50% Malay) state seats in Selangor where Pakatan’s support increased by more than 5%. This includes 4 state seats which were won by PAS which it did not win in 2008 – namely Tanjong Sepat, Taman Templer, Dusun Tua and Paya Jeras. PAS could not win these seats merely based on an increase in Chinese support. Malay support must also have increased in these Malay majority seats.

    NEGERI

    PARLIAMENT CODE

    PARLIAMENT NAME

    STATE CODE

    STATE NAME

    PR%2013 PR%2008 ChangeinPR%13to08 MALAY%

    SELANGOR

    P093

    SUNGAI BESAR

    N03

    SUNGAI PANJANG

    45.3%

    32.4%

    12.9%

    81.6%

    SELANGOR

    P100

    PANDAN

    N21

    CHEMPAKA

    63.1%

    52.2%

    10.9%

    53.2%

    SELANGOR

    P113

    SEPANG

    N54

    TANJONG SEPAT

    51.4%

    41.7%

    9.8%

    52.0%

    SELANGOR

    P097

    SELAYANG

    N15

    TAMAN TEMPLER

    58.2%

    48.9%

    9.3%

    51.4%

    SELANGOR

    P101

    HULU LANGAT

    N23

    DUSUN TUA

    55.1%

    46.1%

    9.0%

    53.2%

    SELANGOR

    P107

    SUBANG

    N38

    PAYA JARAS

    57.2%

    48.6%

    8.7%

    56.6%

    SELANGOR

    P099

    AMPANG

    N20

    LEMBAH JAYA

    60.5%

    54.0%

    6.5%

    54.0%

    SELANGOR

    P094

    HULU SELANGOR

    N05

    HULU BERNAM

    41.5%

    35.7%

    5.8%

    67.4%

    7. Increase Malay support in P102 Serdang for DAP / Pakatan, especially among younger Malays. In the P102.Serdang, using saluran or polling stream data, the Malay support for DAP / Pakatan increased from 36% in 2008 to 43% in 2013. In the polling stations in the 66% Malay majority of N26 Bangi, the majority for DAP / Pakatan increased from 1094 in 2008 to 5825 in 2013. There is also encouraging evidence that younger Malay voters are supporting DAP / Pakatan at higher rates compared to older Malay voters. The table below shows the difference between the support for the DAP in the oldest saluran (Saluran 1) versus the youngest saluran (Saluran 4, 5 or 6) in the Malay majority polling stations in N26 Bangi. The support for the DAP / Pakatan is clearly and significantly higher among younger Malay voters compared to the older Malay voters.

    Polling Station Malay% Oldest Saluran(DAP Support) Youngest Saluran(DAP Support) Difference (Youngest – Oldest)
    Sungai Ramal Dalam 97% 28% 51% +23%
    Sungai Ramal Luar 82% 31% 46% +15%
    Seksyen 3 BBB 97% 45% 62% +17%
    Seksyen 1 BBB 93% 51% 55% +4%
    Seksyen 6 BBB 90% 41% 48% +7%
    Seksyen 4 BBB 95% 48% 59% +11%
    Seksyen 2 BBB 97% 57% 64% +7

    8. BN experienced a fall in support of more than 10% from 2008 to 2013 in 8 of the Dayak majority / plurality parliament seats. But this was not sufficient for PR to win any of these seats although PR came closest in P205 Saratok (2081) and Baram (194). The failure to resolve some serious local problems e.g. land grabs and dam buildings will further erode BN’s support in these areas in the future.

    NEGERI

    PARLIAMENT CODE

    PARLIAMENT NAME

    BN%2013 BN%2008 ChangeinBN% Malay / Melanau% Dayak%

    SARAWAK

    P205

    SARATOK

    53.20%

    76.80%

    -23.60%

    43.70%

    49.30%

    SARAWAK

    P222

    LAWAS

    71.50%

    92.10%

    -20.60%

    42.80%

    47.10%

    SARAWAK

    P209

    JULAU

    59.30%

    78.90%

    -19.60%

    12.20%

    82.80%

    SARAWAK

    P192

    MAS GADING

    41.10%

    58.60%

    -17.60%

    12.70%

    67.80%

    SARAWAK

    P220

    BARAM

    49.50%

    66.90%

    -17.40%

    20.60%

    69.90%

    SARAWAK

    P217

    BINTULU

    58.20%

    73.20%

    -15.00%

    28.50%

    43.50%

    SARAWAK

    P199

    SERIAN

    74.30%

    87.00%

    -12.60%

    14.50%

    74.60%

    SARAWAK

    P204

    BETONG

    77.10%

    87.30%

    -10.10%

    50.00%

    42.70%

    9. BN experienced a fall of more than 10% in 7 Sabah Bumiputera seats. However, PR only managed to win one of these seats (P174 Penampang). PR came closest in Beaufort, losing by 673 votes. The BN won 4 parliament seats – P168 Kota Marudu, P180 Keningau, P181 Tenom and P182 Pensiangan – with less than 50% of the vote. Multiple corner fights in these as well as other seats involving STAR and SAPP affected the chances for PR to win more parliament as well as state seats.

    NEGERI PARLIAMENT CODE PARLIAMENT NAME BN%2013 BN%2008 ChangeinBN% MUSLIM BUMIPUTERA% NON-MUSLIM BUMIPUTERA%
    W.P. LABUAN P166 LABUAN

    66.3%

    77.0%

    -10.8%

    60.2%

    14.0%

    SABAH P171 SEPANGGAR

    54.1%

    64.9%

    -10.8%

    51.6%

    26.1%

    SABAH P174 PENAMPANG

    34.3%

    54.0%

    -19.7%

    15.9%

    50.1%

    SABAH P177 BEAUFORT

    50.5%

    79.3%

    -28.7%

    61.0%

    30.3%

    SABAH P179 RANAU

    50.2%

    65.4%

    -15.2%

    10.7%

    86.9%

    SABAH P180 KENINGAU

    44.5%

    57.3%

    -12.8%

    18.5%

    70.4%

    SABAH P181 TENOM

    48.1%

    62.9%

    -14.7%

    20.9%

    66.0%

    At the state level, PR managed to win 11 seats, 6 of which were in non-Chinese majority / plurality areas. If multiple corner fights can be avoided in the future, PR can build on its current representation of 3 MPs and 11 ADUNs to make further inroads into Sabah.

    10. BN has to defend 46 marginal seats compared to 30 for PR in the next election.

    No of Marginal Seats (BN or PR win by 55% of vote or less)

    Total BN PR
    Pmsia

    38

    26

    Sabah

    4

    1

    Sarawak

    4

    3

    Total

    46

    30

    11. It cannot be denied that the BN is on the defensive even though PR did not manage to win a majority of seats. With an increased number of state seats, especially in the frontline states of Johor, Sabah and Sarawak and with a significant decrease in the level of BN support in these states, the BN cannot consider these states as fixed deposits any longer. Also, with the increase in the number and percentage of younger voters who are less influenced by mainstream media and more willing to vote across racial lines in support of Pakatan, it is increasingly clear that the BN will likely lose power in GE14. What may save the BN is a grossly skewed and unfair delimitation exercise which is scheduled to start sometime this year and be completed before GE14.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    DAP Election Strategist
    P102 Serdang

  • Keputusan PRU13 Membuktikan Bahawa Berlakunya ‘TSUNAMI MALAYSIA’ Dan Bukan ‘TSUNAMI CINA’ Yang Menyebabkan Penambahan Undi Popular Dan Jumlah Kerusi Parlimen Serta Kerusi DUN Yang Dipegang Pakatan Rakyat

    KENYATAAN MEDIA DR. ONG KIAN MING, STRATEGIS PILIHANRAYA DAP, DI KUALA LUMPUR PADA 10HB MEI 2013

    KEPUTUSAN PRU13 MEMBUKTIKAN BAHAWA BERLAKUNYA ‘TSUNAMI MALAYSIA’ DAN BUKAN ‘TSUNAMI CINA’ YANG MENYEBABKAN PENAMBAHAN UNDI POPULAR DAN JUMLAH KERUSI PARLIMEN SERTA KERUSI DUN YANG DIPEGANG PAKATAN RAKYAT

    1. Undi popular untuk Pakatan Rakyat dalam seluruh negara Malaysia telah bertambah daripada 47.6% pada tahun 2008 kepada 50.9% pada tahun 2013, iaitu pertambahan sebanyak 3.2% sokongan untuk Pakatan Rakyat. Untuk Barisan Nasional pula, undi popular telah berkurang daripada 51.4% pada 2008 kepada 47.4% pada 2013, iaitu pengurangan sebanyak 4.0%.

    2013 2008 Pertambahan / Pengurangan
    BN 47.4% 51.4% -4.0%
    Pakatan Rakyat 50.9% 47.6% 3.2%

    2. Pengiraan dibuat berdasarkan undi sah sahaja di peringkat Parlimen.2.Jumlah kerusi Parlimen yang dipegang Pakatan Rakyat telah bertambah daripada 37% pada tahun 2008 kepada 40% pada tahun 2013, dengan kemenangan 7 lagi kerusi Parlimen.

    Parlimen 2013 Parlimen 2008 Pertambahan / Pengurangan
    PKR 30 31 -1
    PAS 21 23 -2
    DAP 38 28 +10
    TOTAL 89 82 +7

    3. Pakatan telah memenangi 32 lagi kerusi DUN pada tahun 2013. Ketiga-tiga parti Pakatan Rakyat telah memenangi lebih banyak kerusi DUN pada tahun 2013 (45% kerusi DUN pada tahun 2013 berbanding dengan 39% pada tahun 2008, iaitu pertambahan sebanyak 6%).

    DUN 2013 DUN 2008 Pertambahan / Pengurangan
    PAS 85 83 +2
    PKR 49 41 +8
    DAP 95 73 +22
    TOTAL 229 197 +32

    4. Sokongan untuk Pakatan Rakyat telah bertambah kuat di 11 buah negeri dan juga di semua Wilayah Persekutuan termasuk juga negeri-negeri majoriti penduduk Melayu iaitu Perlis, Terengganu, dan Pahang di mana % pengundi Melayu adalah lebih daripada 70%.

    NEGERI BN%2013 PR%2013 BN%2008 PR%2008 BN% (Pertambahan / Pengurangan) PR% (Pertambahan / Pengurangan)
    PERLIS

    55.4%

    44.3%

    60.1%

    39.9%

    -4.8%

    4.4%

    KEDAH

    50.6%

    48.5%

    46.8%

    53.2%

    3.8%

    -4.7%

    KELANTAN

    43.0%

    53.7%

    44.7%

    55.0%

    -1.8%

    -1.3%

    TERENGGANU

    51.4%

    48.5%

    55.1%

    44.7%

    -3.7%

    3.7%

    PULAU PINANG

    31.6%

    67.8%

    36.9%

    63.0%

    -5.3%

    4.8%

    PERAK

    44.9%

    54.7%

    46.5%

    53.3%

    -1.6%

    1.4%

    PAHANG

    55.2%

    44.4%

    59.5%

    40.5%

    -4.3%

    3.8%

    SELANGOR

    39.0%

    59.4%

    44.3%

    55.4%

    -5.3%

    4.0%

    W.P. KL & PUTRAJAYA

    35.3%

    63.9%

    38.3%

    61.6%

    -3.1%

    2.4%

    NEGERI SEMBILAN

    51.0%

    47.3%

    54.7%

    45.1%

    -3.7%

    2.2%

    MELAKA

    53.8%

    46.2%

    57.4%

    42.6%

    -3.6%

    3.6%

    JOHOR

    54.9%

    45.0%

    65.3%

    34.7%

    -10.3%

    10.3%

    SABAH

    55.0%

    35.9%

    61.6%

    32.5%

    -6.6%

    3.4%

    SARAWAK

    58.9%

    37.3%

    64.2%

    28.3%

    -5.3%

    8.9%

    TOTAL MSIA

    47.4%

    50.9%

    51.4%

    47.6%

    -4.0%

    3.2%

    NOTA: Pengiraan dibuat berdasarkan undi sah sahaja. Pengiraan untuk Sabah termasuk juga Labuan. Perubahan dalam jumlah atau peratus undi untuk BN kemungkinan tidak sama dengan perubahan untuk PR disebabkan undi yang diraih calon bebas ataupun calon yang bukan berpihak BN atau PR.

    5. Terdapat 23 kerusi Parlimen di mana majoriti pengundi adalah Melayu (pengundi Melayu >50%) yang menyaksikan pertambahan sokongan untuk Pakatan Rakyat daripada 5% atau lebih dari tahun 2008 ke 2013. Pertambahan sokongan ini tidak mungkin berlaku jika tiada pertambahan sokongan daripada pengundi Melayu yang merupakan majoriti pengundi di kawasan-kawasan tersebut. Contohnya, di P2 Kangar yang merupakan kerusi 80.7% pengundi Melayu, PR telah menambahkan sokongan sebanyak 16.1%. Di P41 Kepala Batas pula yang merupakan kerusi 76% pengundi Melayu, PR telah menambahkan sokongan sebanyak 11.85%. Ini tidak mungkin berlaku sama sekali jika sokongan daripada pengundi Melayu tidak bertambah. Namun, tidak ramai yang memberi perhatian kepada situasi di sana kerana PR tidak berjaya memenangi kerusi-kerusi tersebut.

    NEGERI KOD PARLIAMEN NAMA PARLIAMEN PR%2013 PR%2008 KADAR PERUBAHAN UNTUK PR% MALAY%
    PERLIS P002 KANGAR

    45.3%

    29.2%

    16.1%

    80.7%

    JOHOR P141 SEKIJANG

    45.9%

    30.4%

    15.6%

    55.5%

    JOHOR P160 JOHOR BAHRU

    43.5%

    28.5%

    15.0%

    50.8%

    JOHOR P149 SRI GADING

    42.6%

    30.1%

    12.6%

    62.6%

    NEGERI SEMBILAN P126 JELEBU

    40.4%

    28.4%

    12.1%

    63.1%

    PULAU PINANG P041 KEPALA BATAS

    45.5%

    33.6%

    11.8%

    76.3%

    SELANGOR P093 SUNGAI BESAR

    49.5%

    39.8%

    9.7%

    65.6%

    JOHOR P153 SEMBRONG

    34.8%

    25.5%

    9.3%

    57.7%

    W.P. KUALA LUMPUR P118 SETIAWANGSA

    48.7%

    39.7%

    9.0%

    56.1%

    NEGERI SEMBILAN P127 JEMPOL

    42.0%

    33.0%

    9.0%

    60.1%

    JOHOR P144 LEDANG

    48.3%

    39.8%

    8.5%

    52.8%

    JOHOR P151 SIMPANG RENGGAM

    41.6%

    33.1%

    8.5%

    56.4%

    NEGERI SEMBILAN P133 TAMPIN

    38.3%

    30.3%

    7.9%

    61.3%

    PERAK P055 LENGGONG

    42.5%

    35.0%

    7.6%

    81.8%

    JOHOR P164 PONTIAN

    33.6%

    26.4%

    7.2%

    68.7%

    JOHOR P146 MUAR

    47.9%

    40.8%

    7.2%

    62.1%

    W.P. KUALA LUMPUR P125 PUTRAJAYA

    30.7%

    24.2%

    6.4%

    94.1%

    JOHOR P147 PARIT SULONG

    37.9%

    31.5%

    6.4%

    72.2%

    JOHOR P143 PAGOH

    33.8%

    27.9%

    5.9%

    64.0%

    JOHOR P155 TENGGARA

    24.9%

    19.7%

    5.2%

    72.0%

    JOHOR P154 MERSING

    28.5%

    23.3%

    5.2%

    78.4%

    PAHANG P084 PAYA BESAR

    40.0%

    35.0%

    5.1%

    81.2%

    PAHANG P079 LIPIS

    42.9%

    37.9%

    5.0%

    75.9%

    6. Terdapat 8 kerusi DUN Selangor di mana majoriti pengundi adalah Melayu (pengundi Melayu >50%) di mana sokongan untuk Pakatan Rakyat telah bertambah sebanyak 5% lebih. Ini termasuk 4 kerusi DUN yang dimenangi PAS (tetapi tidak dimenangi pada tahun 2008) iaitu Tanjong Sepat, Taman Templer, Dusun Tua dan Paya Jeras. PAS tidak mungkin dapat memenangi kerusi-kerusi tersebut dengan hanya berdasarkan pertambahan sokongan daripada pengundi Cina.

    NEGERI

    KOD PARLIMEN

    NAMA PARLIMEN

    KOD DUN

    NAMA DUN

    PR%2013 PR%2008 KADAR PERUBAHAN UNTUK PR% MALAY%

    SELANGOR

    P093

    SUNGAI BESAR

    N03

    SUNGAI PANJANG

    45.3%

    32.4%

    12.9%

    81.6%

    SELANGOR

    P100

    PANDAN

    N21

    CHEMPAKA

    63.1%

    52.2%

    10.9%

    53.2%

    SELANGOR

    P113

    SEPANG

    N54

    TANJONG SEPAT

    51.4%

    41.7%

    9.8%

    52.0%

    SELANGOR

    P097

    SELAYANG

    N15

    TAMAN TEMPLER

    58.2%

    48.9%

    9.3%

    51.4%

    SELANGOR

    P101

    HULU LANGAT

    N23

    DUSUN TUA

    55.1%

    46.1%

    9.0%

    53.2%

    SELANGOR

    P107

    SUBANG

    N38

    PAYA JARAS

    57.2%

    48.6%

    8.7%

    56.6%

    SELANGOR

    P099

    AMPANG

    N20

    LEMBAH JAYA

    60.5%

    54.0%

    6.5%

    54.0%

    SELANGOR

    P094

    HULU SELANGOR

    N05

    HULU BERNAM

    41.5%

    35.7%

    5.8%

    67.4%

    7. Di P102 Serdang pula (kerusi Parlimen saya sendiri), disaksikan juga pertambahan sokongan pengundi Melayu untuk DAP dan Pakatan Rakyat. Dengan menggunakan data daripada setiap saluran mengundi, dilihat bahawa sokongan pengundi Melayu untuk DAP / Pakatan Rakyat telah bertambah daripada 36% pada tahun 2008 kepada 43% pada tahun 2013. Di kawasan N26 Bangi di mana 66% pengundi adalah Melayu, majoriti untuk DAP / Pakatan Rakyat telah bertambah daripada 1094 pada tahun 2008 kepada 5825 pada tahun 2013. Didapati juga bahawa pengundi Melayu muda lebih menyokong DAP / Pakatan Rakyat jika dibandingkan dengan pengundi Melayu yang lebih tua. Jadual di bawah menunjukkan perbezaan antara peratus sokongan untuk DAP dalam saluran pengundi tua (Saluran 1) berbanding dengan saluran pengundi muda (Saluran 4, 5, 6) di tempat-tempat mengundi di Bangi di mana majoriti pengundi adalah Melayu. Kesimpulannya, sokongan untuk DAP / Pakatan Rakyat jelas lebih kuat antara pengundi Melayu muda berbanding dengan pengundi Melayu yang lebih tua.

    Tempat Mengundi Melayu% Saluran Pengundi Tertua (Sokongan Untuk DAP) Saluran Pengundi Termuda (Sokongan Untuk DAP) Perbezaan (Termuda – Tertua)
    Sungai Ramal Dalam 97% 28% 51% +23%
    Sungai Ramal Luar 82% 31% 46% +15%
    Seksyen 3 BBB 97% 45% 62% +17%
    Seksyen 1 BBB 93% 51% 55% +4%
    Seksyen 6 BBB 90% 41% 48% +7%
    Seksyen 4 BBB 95% 48% 59% +11%
    Seksyen 2 BBB 97% 57% 64% +7

    8. Untuk 8 buah kerusi Parlimen yang di mana pengundi majoriti adalah Dayak, sokongan untuk BN telah merosot sebanyak 10% lebih dari tahun 2008 ke tahun 2013. Namun ini tidak cukup untuk menghasilkan kemenangan untuk PR di mana perbezaan undi pada akhirnya didapati sebanyak 2081 di Saratok dan 194 di Baram. Namun, saya berpendapat bahawa kegagalan BN untuk menyelesaikan masalah tempatan yang serius seperti rampasan tanah dan pembinaan empangan akan menyebabkan sokongan untuk BN terhakis lagi di kawasan-kawasan tersebut pada masa depan.

    NEGERI

    KOD PARLIMEN

    NAMA PARLIMEN

    BN%2013 BN%2008 Perubahan Untuk BN% Malay / Melanau% Dayak%

    SARAWAK

    P205

    SARATOK

    53.20%

    76.80%

    -23.60%

    43.70%

    49.30%

    SARAWAK

    P222

    LAWAS

    71.50%

    92.10%

    -20.60%

    42.80%

    47.10%

    SARAWAK

    P209

    JULAU

    59.30%

    78.90%

    -19.60%

    12.20%

    82.80%

    SARAWAK

    P192

    MAS GADING

    41.10%

    58.60%

    -17.60%

    12.70%

    67.80%

    SARAWAK

    P220

    BARAM

    49.50%

    66.90%

    -17.40%

    20.60%

    69.90%

    SARAWAK

    P217

    BINTULU

    58.20%

    73.20%

    -15.00%

    28.50%

    43.50%

    SARAWAK

    P199

    SERIAN

    74.30%

    87.00%

    -12.60%

    14.50%

    74.60%

    SARAWAK

    P204

    BETONG

    77.10%

    87.30%

    -10.10%

    50.00%

    42.70%

    9. BN telah mengalami kemerosotan sebanyak 10% lebih di kawasan 7 buah kerusi Sabah Bumiputera. Namun, PR hanya berjaya memenangi 1 kerusi tersebut (P174 Penampang) dan hampir memenangi P177 Beaufort tetapi tewas dengan 673 undi. BN pula telah memenangi 4 kerusi Parlimen – iaitu P168 Kota Marudu, P180 Keningau, P181 Tenom dan P182 Pensiangan – dengan kurang daripada 50% undi. Persaingan tiga atau lebih penjuru di kawasan-kawasan tersebut dan juga di kawasan lain yang melibatkan STAR dan SAPP telah merugikan PR dalam perjuangan untuk memenangi lebih banyak kerusi Parlimen dan DUN.

    NEGERI KOD PARLIMEN NAMA PARLIMEN BN%2013 BN%2008 Perubahan Untuk BN% BUMIPUTERA MUSLIM% BUMIPUTERA BUKAN MUSLIM %
    W.P. LABUAN P166 LABUAN

    66.3%

    77.0%

    -10.8%

    60.2%

    14.0%

    SABAH P171 SEPANGGAR

    54.1%

    64.9%

    -10.8%

    51.6%

    26.1%

    SABAH P174 PENAMPANG

    34.3%

    54.0%

    -19.7%

    15.9%

    50.1%

    SABAH P177 BEAUFORT

    50.5%

    79.3%

    -28.7%

    61.0%

    30.3%

    SABAH P179 RANAU

    50.2%

    65.4%

    -15.2%

    10.7%

    86.9%

    SABAH P180 KENINGAU

    44.5%

    57.3%

    -12.8%

    18.5%

    70.4%

    SABAH P181 TENOM

    48.1%

    62.9%

    -14.7%

    20.9%

    66.0%

    Di peringkat negeri, PR telah berjaya memenangi 11 kerusi, di mana 6 kerusi tersebut terletak di kawasan majoriti / pluraliti bukan Cina. Andai kata persaingan beberapa penjuru dapat dielakkan pada masa depan, PR akan berpeluang menambahkan lagi perwakilan (daripada 3 Ahli Parlimen dan 11 ADUN sekarang) dan juga menembusi seluruh Sabah.

    10. BN terpaksa mempertahankan 46 kerusi marginal berbanding dengan 30 kerusi untuk PR pada pilihanraya yang seterusnya. 

    Jumlah kerusi marginal (BN atau PR menang dengan 55% atau kurang undi)

    Jumlah BN PR
    Semenanjung

    38

    26

    Sabah

    4

    1

    Sarawak

    4

    3

    Total

    46

    30

    11. Tidak dapat dinafikan bahawa BN sekarang berada dalam posisi defensif walaupun PR tidak berjaya memenangi kerusi majoriti. Dengan adanya pertambahan dalam jumlah kerusi DUN untuk PR, terutamanya di negeri-negeri penting seperti Johor, Sabah dan Sarawak yang menyaksikan sokongan untuk BN terus merosot, BN tidak lagi dapat mengharapkan negeri-negeri tersebut terus menjadi ‘deposit kekal’. Dengan bertambahnya juga jumlah dan peratus pengundi-pengundi muda yang kurang dipengaruhi oleh media massa dan lebih sanggup mengundi Pakatan Rakyat merentasi batasan kaum, sudah jelas bahawa BN kemungkinan besar akan hilang kuasa setibanya PRU14. Namun, ada kemungkinan juga bahawa BN akan diselamatkan sekiranya proses persempadanan yang seterusnya (dijadualkan bermula pada tahun ini dan dijangka tamat sebelum PRU14) didapati dijalankan dengan berat sebelah dan berpihak lagi kepada BN.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    Strategis Pilihanraya DAP
    P102 Serdang

  • The charging of my polling agent under Section 3 (1)(i) of the Election Offences Act 1954 a mere two days after her statement was recorded and two days before polling day is a cowardly act of intimidation by Barisan Nasional (BN)

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming in Kajang on Friday, 3rd of May, 2013

    The charging of my polling agent under Section 3 (1)(i) of the Election Offences Act 1954 a mere two days after her statement was recorded and two days before polling day is a cowardly act of intimidation by Barisan Nasional (BN)

    My election agent was asked to give a statement at the Kajang Police Headquarters on the 30th of April, on the day of advanced voting, over allegations that she had improperly used a lock to secure a ballot box for advance voters at the Squadron 21, Royal Engineers Regiment, Taman Kajang Utama, advance voting polling station.

    A mere three days later, on the 3rd of May, this election agent has just been charged in the Kajang Magistrate Court (Criminal Division) under Section 3 (1)(i) of the Election Offences Act 1954. This section reads:

    Any person … without due authority destroys, takes, opens or otherwise interferes with any ballot box, ballot paper or packet of ballot papers in use or intended to be used for the purposes of an election…

    At the same time, Azahari Ismail, in the Teluk Kemang parliamentary constituency, was also charged under the same offence yesterday on the 2nd of May.

    The locking of the advance voting ballot boxes is a grey area and the final authority lies with the person in charge of the polling station in question (otherwise known as the Ketua Tempat Mengundi or KTM). Our reports indicate that the KTM in question in Taman Kajang Utama was very inexperienced and not aware of many of the elections related laws and procedures. This may very well have led to the confusion surrounding the locking of the ballot box.

    The fact that these two cases were processed so quickly, in mere days, just prior to the most important general elections in Malaysian history shows that this is part and parcel of the Barisan Nasional’s strategy to intimidate polling agents and observers.

    We strongly condemn these actions and we urge the Attorney General to drop these charges with immediate effect.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    DAP Candidate for P102 Serdang

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