Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, Member of Parliament for Serdang and Deputy Political Education Director for the DAP, on the 12th of December 2017
The Ministry of Youth and Sports needs to take the lead in regulating running events in Malaysia
I write this statement with a heavy heart because it is necessitated by a terrible accident which put a friend of mine, Evelyn Ang (also known as @missyblurkit among those in the running community), in the hospital after she was hit by a car in last Sunday’s Klang International Marathon 2017. As a friend and as a fellow runner, my utmost concern is for Evelyn and her family as she fights on in what will be the toughest battle of her life to date. I do not, in any way, want to politicise the events surrounding her accident. At the same time, given the many comments and opinions voiced by some in the running community and in the larger public, I feel that this is an opportune time to discuss some of the larger issues which concern the running community, including what can be done to ensure the safety of runners who participate in these races.
1) The vast majority of running events are not approved by the Office of the Sports Commissioner
Shortly after reports of the accident involving Evelyn and two other runners, the Sports Commissioner of Malaysia, Dato’ Zaiton Othman, issued a statement on Monday, 11th of December 2017, stating that the organizers of the Klang International Marathon did not apply for approval to her office to organize this event. She cited Section 36 (1) of the Sports Development Act 1997 which states that: “A company shall not involve itself in any sporting activity or in any other activity related to sports, as may be prescribed by the Minister in the regulations, unless it is licensed to do so by the Commissioner” (see Figure 1 below). The Minister for Youth and Sports, Brigadier General Khairy Jamaluddin, also cited the same section of the Act when he was reported to have recommended that legal action be taken against the organizers of the Klang International Marathon 2017.
Figure 1: Section 36 of the Sports Development Act 1997
But what the Sports Commissioner as well as the Minister failed to disclose is that the vast majority of races in Malaysia are NOT approved by the Office of the Sports Commissioner. For most runs in Malaysia, the race organizer only has to obtain permission from the local authority e.g. DBKL or MBPJ, the venue owner e.g. MAEPS in Serdang and the traffic police. Hardly any race organizers I know ask for permission from the Office of the Sports Commissioner. The police and the local authorities also don’t require the race organizers to have permission from the Office of the Sports Commissioner.
If the Klang International Marathon is an illegal race because it was not approved by the Office of the Sports Commissioner, then almost all other races in Malaysia would be considered illegal including ultramarathons, trail runs, charity runs, fun runs, tower runs as well as cycling events.
2) “International” events have to be approved by the Minister of Youth and Sports
Where the organizers may have gotten themselves into more trouble is by calling their event an “International” event.
According to Section 33 of the Sports Development Act 1997, “no person shall bid to host any international sports competition or event in Malaysia without the prior approval in writing of the Minister whose decision thereon shall be final.” (See Figure 2 below) The purpose of this law is to ensure that there is government support and sanction for international level sporting events but its meaning has been expanded to include events with the word “International” in it.
Figure 2: Section 33 of the Sports Development Act 1997
The definition of what an “international” competition constitutes needs to be clarified. If there are participants from more than one country in a run, is that sufficient for an event to call itself an “International” event? If an event does not have the word “International” in it but expects mass participation from other countries as was the case for the Malaysian Marathon, does it fall into the definition of an international competition?
3) Just because a running event is organized by a Government Ministry or Department, including the Ministry of Youth and Sports, does not mean that proper standards and guidelines are followed
Many in the running community can still remember the inaugural Malaysian Marathon that was supposed to be held on the 1st of October, 2017. This race was supposed to attract 5,000 runners from China in addition to Malaysian runners. The organizers of this event included the Ministry of Tourism, the Ministry of Youth and Sports, DBKL and Wisdom Sports and was sanctioned by the Malaysian Athletics Federation (MAF) and supported by a whole host of government agencies and departments (See Figure 3 below). Despite all this government support, this race was cancelled in the end because the organizer, Wisdom Sports, could not deliver on its promise to attract 5,000 runners from China to participate in this event. (All participants who had signed up for this event had their registration fees fully refunded but not their flight or other travel expenses that had already been incurred.)
Figure 3: The list of organizers and sponsors for the 2017 Malaysian Marathon which was subsequently cancelled
Even though this event was sanctioned by the Malaysian Athletics Federation (MAF), the actual race route (42km, 21km and 10km) was not announced when this race was open for registration. In fact, the route was never announced which makes one wonder how the MAF could have ‘sanctioned’ this race without knowing the race route and hence, the procedures which were needed to ensure the safety of the runners.
Other government sponsored events which were cancelled includes the 2015 HRDF Half Marathon (for which participants still have not been reimbursed) and 2016 Melaka International Century Ride which was supported by the Melaka state government and cancelled 5 days before the event was supposed to take place.
4) The Office of the Sports Commissioner has no expertise in determining or ensuring the quality of a running event including the safety standards
While the law states that the approval for running events is supposed to be given by the Office of the Sports Commissioner, in reality, this office does not have the expertise or capacity to evaluate if a race organizer is up to the mark in terms of their ability to organize a safe and high-quality race. The Sports Commissioner will turn to the sporting body that oversees that sport to seek their recommendation on whether to approve an event or not. In the case of running events, the relevant body is the Malaysian Athletics Federation (MAF). The MAF itself, as far as I know, is not a race organizer. They provide technical advice and assistance to race organizers on details such as the suitability of a race route, runners’ safety, water stations, runners’ timing and so on. Ideally, the MAF should provide guidelines and standards for race organizers to follow in order to ensure a high-quality race. Sadly, the MAF does not have a website or an active facebook page so we do not know if such guidelines exist and whether or not they are provided to race organizers.
This being the case, one wonders how the Office of the Sports Commissioner can decide on whether or not to follow the recommendation of the MAF in approving a particular race.
5) Runners must know the cost of any regulation imposed by the Ministry or the Office of the Sports Commissioner
There has been some discussion that it should be made mandatory for race organizers to pay a certain fee to the MAF as part of the process of regulating races in Malaysia in order to ensure high-quality races (including non-cancellations and proper safety standards). These costs, if imposed, will likely be passed on to the consumer i.e. the runners. Race organizers and ultimately, runners, must know how the extra charges and fees imposed will be spent by an organization such as the MAF and how this regulation can ensure that high-quality events will be organized. For example, will part of the fee go into training sessions organized by the MAF for race organizers? Will part of the fee go to MAF to help them develop the athletics scene in Malaysia? All these issues need to be discussed and then made known in a transparent manner.
6) Section 36 of the Sports Development Act 1997 is too general and too vague
One of the challenges faced by the Ministry of Youth and Sports is that the aforementioned Section 36, which requires the approval of the Office of the Sports Commissioner for a company to organize any and all sporting events, is too broad, too general, too vague and too impractical. For example, if I have a company which wants to organize a 3-on-3 basketball competition in my residential area (with participation fees and cash prizes), do I need to seek the approval of the Office of the Sports Commissioner? If every sporting event which is organized by a company needs this approval, the Office of the Sports Commissioner will be inundated with applications on a daily basis. Such a requirement may also increase the incentives for corruption and bribery in order to get approval for events.
For running events in particular, if it was a sports club such as Pacesetters Malaysia, and not a company, which wants to organize a local race, is permission from the Office of the Sports Commissioner still required? How about for an NGO who wants to organize a local charity run? What if a company was co-organizing an event together with a local authority, state government or federal government ministry? The current legislation is unclear on how to answer these questions definitively.
7) The Ministry of Youth and Sports needs to engage in an extensive stakeholder consultation before amending the Sports Development Act
As I’ve shown above, the issues regarding the regulation of running events in Malaysia are complex and multi-faceted. It is unfortunate that it required a serious accident to befall a runner in a so-called “International” race to capture the attention of the Sports Commissioner and the Minister of Youth and Sports. I have raised the issue on whether there is the need to have a special body to oversee racing events in Malaysia in parliament. I have brought up the role of the Ministry of Youth and Sports and the Sports Commissioner in cancelled events such as the Malaysian Marathon. I have passed the results of a survey I did among Malaysian runners which touch on some of these issues to Minister Khairy via his deputy, Datuk M. Saravanan, in parliament.
What is needed at this juncture is for the Minister to have an extensive stakeholder consultation with race organizers, running clubs, the state and national athletics federations, the local authorities, the police, RELA officers and other influencers in the running community to decide on the best course of action (including relevant amendments to the Sports Development Act) to improve the quality of running events in Malaysia. Special attention needs to be paid to running as well as cycling events because the number of such events have exploded over the past 5 years or so and these events involve thousands and sometimes tens of thousands of participants.
What I hope WON’T happen is a knee jerk reaction such as forcing all running events which are to be held in the next few weeks or months to obtain approval in an arbitrary manner from the Office of the Sports Commissioner. Let us have an honest, open and fruitful discussion on how to improve the quality of running events in Malaysia so that we can minimize the chances of another such tragic accident from happening again.
Dr. Ong Kian Ming
Member of Parliament for Serdang
Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, Member of Parliament for Serdang and Assistant Political Education Director for the Democratic Action Party (DAP) on the 28th of November 2017
Expect Toll Hikes if Barisan Nasional (BN) wins the 14th General Election
For those who still can remember, the BN Manifesto for the 13th General Election in 2013 promised ‘the gradual reduction of intra-city tolls’ (Figure 1 below). Since intra-city tolls are found mostly in the Klang Valley (KL and Selangor), one would have expected the toll rates on the major intra-city highways such as MEX, SILK, BESRAYA, LDP and SPRINT to be reduced.
Figure 1: Barisan Nasional (BN)’s GE2013 Manifesto promising the ‘gradual reduction of intra-city tolls
But two and a half years after the 13th general election, the BN government failed to deliver on its manifesto promise when it allowed toll hikes of between RM0.20 to RM2.30 on eighteen toll highways. (See Figure 2 below) For example, the toll for the MEX highway to Putrajaya was increased from RM2.50 to RM3.50. The toll for the LDP highway was increased by RM0.50 from RM1.60 to RM2.10. The toll for the Karak highway at Gombak was increased by RM1 from Rm5.00 to RM6.00. In my own constituency, the toll for the BESRAYA highway was increased by RM0.70 from RM1.30 to RM2.00 and the toll for the SILK highway was increased by RM0.80 from RM1.00 to RM1.80.
What will likely happen in GE14 if the BN managed to win power? It is almost guaranteed that the BN will allow at least one round of toll hikes after GE14. Quite a number of toll highways have had their toll hikes postponed including all of the tolls owned by PLUS (NSE, NKVE, ELITE, LPT) and KESAS. Quite a number of tolls have also not received their allowable toll hikes as per their respective concession agreements (including the LDP). During this time, the government has had to pay compensation to these toll compensations for postponing the toll hikes.
Figure 2: Toll hikes in the Klang Valley implemented on the 12th of October, 2015
Given the financial pressures which the government is under, it is very unlikely that they would want to continue to pay the toll compensations which means that toll hikes are all but guaranteed. How much will the toll rates increase? Table 1 below shows the projected increase in the toll rates as stated in the respective concession agreements. For all of the tolls under PLUS, there was supposed to be a price hike of 5% in 2016 but it was not implemented. According to newspaper reports, PLUS is allowed to increase its toll rate by 5% every three years. If the toll hike that was supposed to take place in 2016 is lumped together with the projected toll hike in 2019, all of the tolls under PLUS would increase by 10% in price. For example, a one-way trip from the Damansara toll in Petaling Jaya to the Jawi toll in Penang would increase by RM4.05 from RM40.50 to RM44.55 and a one-way trip from the Sungai Besi toll in KL to the Skudai toll in Johor Bahru would increase by RM4.13 from Rm41.3 to RM45.43. The cost of one-way trip on the ELITE highway from KLIA to the Jalan Duta toll would increase by RM0.91 from RM9.1 to RM10.01. The cost of a one-way trip on the NKVE from Damansara to Setia Alam would increase by RM0.27 from RM2.70 to RM2.97.
The price of each of the three tolls along the KESAS highway would increase from RM2.00 to Rm2.50. The Cheras-Kajang toll will increase from RM1.30 to RM1.80 at the Cheras Batu 9 and the Cheras Batu 11 tolls. The LDP toll rate in Puchong will increase from RM2.10 to RM3.10. The AKLEH toll rate will increase from RM2.50 to RM3.50. The SPRINT toll rate at Plaza Damansara, Plaza Pantai and Bukit Kiara will increase from RM2 to RM2.50, from RM2.50 to RM3.50 and from RM3.00 to RM5.00 respectively. The GUTHRIE highway toll rate will increase from RM1.90 to RM2.60. The Gombak toll for the KARAK highway will increase from RM6.00 to RM8.00 and the Bentong toll rate will increase from RM3.50 to RM5.00. (See Table 1 below for a summary of the projected toll rate increases after GE14)
Table 1: Projected Increase in Toll Rates if BN wins GE14
|Highway Name||Toll Plaza||Current (Nov 2017)||Post GE14||# Increase Post GE14||% Increase Post GE14|
|North South Highway (NSE)||Damansara to JAWI (PJ to Penang)||40.5||42.53 to 44.55||2.03 to 4.05||5% to 10%|
|North South Highway (NSE)||Sungai Besi to Skudai (KL to JB)||41.3||43.37 to 45.43||2.07 to 4.13||5% to 10%|
|NKVE||Damansara to Setia Alam||2.7||2.84 to 2.97||0.14 to 0.27||5% to 10%|
|ELITE||KLIA to Jalan Duta||9.1||9.56 to 10.01||0.46 to 0.91||5% to 10%|
|KESAS||Awan Besar, Sunway & Kota Kemuning||2||2.5||0.5||25%|
|Cheras-Kajang||Cheras Batu 9 & Cheras Batu 11||1.3||1.8||0.5||38%|
|New North Klang Straits Bypass (NNKSB)||Kapar Toll||2.7||3.1||0.4||15%|
|Bukit Raja Toll (Kapar Bound)||1.6||2.1||0.5||31%|
|Bukit Raja Toll (Kport Klang Bound)||0.6||0.8||0.2||33%|
Rather than voting for a government that will increase the cost of living for each and every Malaysian, voters must choose Pakatan Harapan who has promised to take over these toll concessionaires as per the terms and conditions in the concession agreements which will lead to the eventual abolishment of the tolls. The BN government has shown that it is willing to take over loss-making tolls such as the Eastern Dispersal Link (EDL) in Johor but continues to pay out billions in compensation to the concessionaires which own and operate the profitable tolls such as the LDP. This is another clear example of how losses by private companies are socialized i.e. taken over by the government but profits are privatized for the enjoyment of these toll concession companies. The only way that this can be stopped is if there is a change in the federal government in GE14.
 The information in Table 1 is based on the concession agreements that was accessed at the library of the Malaysian Highway Authority (MHA) / Lembaga Lebuhraya Malaysia (LLM). The toll concession agreements for MEX, LKSA, LEKAS, DUKE, LATAR and SKVE were not available for public viewing.