• 教育部在实施2015年国际学生评估项目(PISA)得过程中表现出十足的无能

    (2017年3月29日)沙登区国会议员王建民博士,北灵区国会议员潘俭伟和升旗山国会议员再里尔的媒体声明

    教育部在实施2015年国际学生评估项目(PISA)得过程中表现出十足的无能

    在2013年至2025年的国家教育大蓝图(请见图一)里,内容曾提起马来西亚学生在2009年国际学生评估计划(PISA)中差劲的表现,国家排名在全世界三分之一的榜末。过后,马来西亚在2012年的PISA测试中的表现没有看到显着的改善。因此,大家都非常关注2015年的PISA测试成绩,以评估教育部在提升马来西亚在阅读,数学和科学方面的表现和努力。

    图表一:马来西亚在2009PISA测试中与其他国家表现的比较

    不幸的是,尽管马来西亚在2012年至2015年间的阅读,数学和科学成绩和表现有所进步(阅读表现的分数从398上升到431,阅读表现从421上升到446,科学表现从420上升到443),但马来西亚并没有被纳入2015年PISA测试中的排名。根据2015年PISA报告里得说法,“在马来西亚,PISA测试是有根据经合组织(OECD)的标准程序和指导方针来进行。

    然而,抽样参加测试的马来西亚学校(51%)的答复比率远低于PISA测试所要求的85%标准比率。因此,这次马来西亚的表现无法与自己过去的成绩或同年其他国家的成绩来做比较。” [1]

    潘俭伟国会议员在2017年3月22日所获得的国会答复里,记录了教育部对这次不及格的参与率所给出的借口:(i) 学生不习惯使用电脑回答问题,导致他们的测试回答无法被记录成功(ii)在测试期间,发生了数据遗漏和损失等技术问题。

    这些借口无法被接受的原因如其下:

    (i)               教育部自2013年已经花了2年时间来准备2015的PISA测试。[2]

    (ii)              这次已不是马来西亚第一次经历PISA测试得过程。在2009年和2012年,学生的答复率分别为99.3%和100%。为何在2015年,整个学生得答复率突然掉到51%呢?

    (iii)            在PISA测试的成绩报告被揭晓后,教育部曾保证学生和教师都已为这次的PISA测试的参与和进行做了充分的准备。[3]

    教育部承认出现技术问题,已表明自己在执行2015年PISA测试方面表现十分不及格。正因如此,马来西亚陷入不被列入PISA排名的尴尬处境。

    因此,教育部不应该吹嘘马来西亚这次在PISA测试的进步,因为PISA报告已明确表示我国2015年的分数表现不能与过往PISA成绩进行比较。相反,教育部应该提呈一份报告,里面应该说明参赛学校的样本和解释为什么没有达到85%的答复率。副教育部长张盛闻在2016年12月曾承诺将公布这样的一份报告,但到迄今为止,我们还没有看到这份报告。[4]

    图表二:教育部所提供的理由,为何马来西亚在2015PISA测试中取得51%的答复率

    王建民博士
    沙登区国会议员

    [1] PISA 2015 Results – Policies & Practices for Successful Schools Vol.II, pg. 261.

    [2] http://english.astroawani.com/malaysia-news/malaysia-capable-improving-its-position-pisa-2015-26809

    [3] http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2015/02/13/students-being-prepped-for-pisa-assessment/

    [4] http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/report-on-malaysias-pisa-disqualification-underway

  • The Ministry of Education is guilty of gross incompetence in administering the 2015 PISA test

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, MP for Serdang,  Tony Pua, MP for Petaling Jaya Utara and Zairil Khir Johari, MP for Bukit Bendera, on the 29th of March 2017

    The Ministry of Education is guilty of gross incompetence in administering the 2015 PISA test

    The poor performance of Malaysian students in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in 2009, where Malaysia was ranked in the bottom third of all countries, was highlighted in the National Education Blueprint 2013 to 2025 (See Figure 1). Malaysia’s performance in the 2012 PISA test did not show significant improvement. Not surprisingly, there was much attention on the 2015 PISA test scores to see if the efforts of the Ministry of Education would be able to boost Malaysia’s performance in Reading, Mathematics and Science.

    Figure 1: Comparison of Malaysia’s PISA 2009+ ranking and scores against other countries (selected)

    Unfortunately, even though Malaysia’s scores for Reading, Mathematics and Science did show an increase from 2012 to 2015 (from 398 to 431 for Reading, from 421 to 446 in Mathematics, from 420 to 443 in Science), Malaysia was not included in the 2015 PISA ranking. According to the 2015 PISA report, “In Malaysia, the PISA assessment was conducted in accordance with the operational standards and guidelines of the OECD. However, the weighted response rate among the initially sampled Malaysian schools (51%) falls well short of the standard PISA response rate of 85%. Therefore, the results may not be comparable to those of other countries or to results for Malaysia from previous years”.[1]

    In a parliamentary reply to MP Tony Pua, on the 22nd of March, 2017, the excuses given by the Ministry of Education for this low response include: (i) students were not used to answering the questions using computers resulting in their response not being recorded and (ii) technical problems such as damaged data and data which were lost during the taking of the test.

    These excuses are unacceptable for the following reasons:

    • The Ministry of Education had at least 2 years, starting in 2013, to prepare for the 2015 PISA test.[2]
    • This is not the first time which Malaysia is going through the PISA process. In 2009, the response rate for the students selected was 99.3% and in 2012, it was 100.0%. How was it that in 2015, the response rate had dropped to 51%?
    • Before the release of the PISA report, the Ministry of Education had given assurances that both students and teachers had been adequately prepared for the taking and administering of the PISA tests.[3]

    The admission of these technical failures shows that the Ministry of Education was grossly incompetent in administering the 2015 PISA tests. In doing so, it has put Malaysia in an embarrassing situation of not being featured in the PISA rankings.

    The Ministry of Education should not be boasting about Malaysia’s improvement in its PISA scores since the PISA report has clearly stated that our 2015 scores cannot be compared to past PISA scores. Instead, it should issue a detailed report on why the sample of schools included in the PISA test and explain why the response rate of 85% was not reached. Deputy Education Minister, Chong Sin Woon, promised in December 2016 that such a detailed report would be released but till now, we have seen no such report.[4]

    Figure 2: Reasons given on why Malaysia only managed a 51% response rate for the 2015 PISA test

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    Member of Parliament for Serdang

    [1] PISA 2015 Results – Policies & Practices for Successful Schools Vol.II, pg. 261.

    [2] http://english.astroawani.com/malaysia-news/malaysia-capable-improving-its-position-pisa-2015-26809

    [3] http://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2015/02/13/students-being-prepped-for-pisa-assessment/

    [4] http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/report-on-malaysias-pisa-disqualification-underway

  • 首相署表现管理及履行单位(Pemandu)到底从举办2017年全球转型论坛赚取多少的收入?

    (2017年3月27日)沙登区国会议员王建民博士的媒体声明

    首相署表现管理及履行单位(Pemandu)到底从举办2017年全球转型论坛赚取多少的收入?

    在许多人的心目中,安东尼罗宾(Tony Robbins)是一名非常著名的激励大师。他曾经是从电影明星休·杰克曼或网球明星阿加斯(Andre Agassi)的人生激励导师。只要肯付650美金的票价,你就可以购买今年在纽约所举办为期3天名为安东尼罗宾“释放你的内在力量”论坛的最远区(nosebleed seat)。若你愿意给2995美金,你就可以买到地面上的座位(floor seat),并享有进入贵宾室的特权。[1]

    试想象一下,若安东尼罗宾受邀前往马来西亚,该私人公司必须通过收取高昂的票价,以便弥补主办方的费用并赚取丰厚的利润。因此,我们很难想象这样的主办单位会马来西亚政府要求任何拨款来举办类似的活动。也许一些私人公司可能会有意赞助类似的活动,以便自己公司的管理层可以享有特殊的待遇。无论如何,这些通常都是落入私人界来承担举办的风险和收益,并没有涉及政府的参与。

    如今,马来西亚也举办了类似安东尼罗宾般让自己感觉良好的全球转型论坛。回顾2015年的第一个论坛,当时的焦点是放在如饰演终结者(Terminator)的施瓦辛格和前奥运会健将刘易斯和塞巴斯蒂安科。 今年2,我们则高调邀请了著名商人和慈善家理查德·布兰森和8届奥运田径冠军博尔特。[2]

    在2015年全球转型论坛,我们看到票价从RM427的大学生配套到RM1424的普通配套(参考图表一)。到了2017年全球转型论坛,票价猛涨从RM4000的最低配套到RM10,000的最贵配套。(参考图表二)

    如果这只是私人公司所举办的纯私人活动,那我这名议员就不会对票价或活动本身抱有任何意见。但我们别忘记,这次不是纯粹的私人活动,因为它并非完全靠个人售票和私人界来经营。

    图表一:2015年全球转型论坛的票价

    图表二:2017年全球转型论坛的票价

    我的第一个意见是这次活动的举行涉及到纳税人的钱。2015年全球转型论坛获得了政府的1,000万令吉的津贴(请参阅图3)。尽管2017年的票价比较高,但政府的津贴不降反增,高达1500万令吉(请参阅图4)。

    图表三:针对纳税人替2015年全球转型论坛所承担的成本

    图表四:针对纳税人替2017年全球转型论坛所承担的成本

    由于高票价的缘故,这次活动很大程度上只吸引那些富裕的族群,所以要求政府为这样的富人聚会提供数以百万计的津贴是完全没有意义的举动。尽管2017年票价大幅上涨,学生和一般民众都没有获得任何折扣,因此政府提高津贴的做法也不合理,从2015年的1000万令吉增到2017年的1500万令吉,增幅达50%。

    我的第二个意见是2017年全球转型论坛的收入竟然直接进入一家私人公司的口袋。2015年全球转型论是由财政部所控制和担保的有限公司的PEMANDU公司所100%拥有的BFR机构所举办。[3]2017年全球转型论坛则由其总执行长拿督斯里依德利斯贾拉所所拥有的私人公司,即PEMANDU Associates所主办(请参阅图5)。

    图表五:PEMANDU Associates私人有限公司的拥有权(在2017年3月26日从公司委员会SSM的网站上下载)

    既然全球转型论坛不再由政府拥有的BFR机构所举办,而是PEMANDU Associates私人有限公司,那此次活动的赞助费用包括政府所买单的1500万令吉共有多少钱,会是直接进入这间由依德利斯贾拉所拥有的私人公司的账户?

    我的第三个意见是PEMANDU Associates正在用这次获得大幅津贴的活动来提高自己的公众形象,甚至随后继续提供自己的咨询服务给政府部门,政府相关公司和其他企业。

    PEMANDU Associates是成立于2016年12月16日,以便让PEMANDU Corp可以交付过去的职责給政府部门。根据PEMANDU官网,PEMANDU和BFR机构的所有员工将迁至 PEMANDU Associate,一家由PEMANDU管理层和职员新成立的私人咨询公司。另外,“根据我们和政府于2017年1月5日所达成的共识,PEMANDU Associates将在2017年派遣45名员工到公共传递单位来执行国家转型计划。这个数目将在2018年下降至30人。其余的员工则负责业务的工作,包括向公共部门提供咨询服务和处理相关业务。”[4]

    换句话说,马来西亚政府在2017年和2018年将支付给PEMANDU Associates来提供咨询服务。这意味着PEMANDU Associates将享受进入各个政府部门和机构的内部运作的权限。据我所知,依德利斯贾拉在2017年1月1日已受委为大马海尼根大马(Heineken Malaysia)公司新任主席,[5]同时尚未正式辞去PEMANDU公司首席执行员或BFR机构的主席职务。因此,我们如何能保证PEMANDU Associates不会滥用公务员的权利和知识,以便推销其咨询服务给政府部门或让想要方便进入政府部门的私人公司?事实上,只要一天依德利斯贾拉并没有澄清自己的职位,包括PEMANDU Associates私人有限公司的首席执行员兼主席,PEMANDU公司的首席执行员,BFR机构的主席和Heineken Malaysia的主席,我们就无法排除他这些职位所产生的利益冲突和争议。

    王建民博士
    沙登区国会议员

    [1] https://www.tonyrobbins.com/events/unleash-the-power-within/new-york-area-07-20-2017/#pricing

    [2] One of Usain Bolt’s relay gold medals was recently taken away because of a positive drug test for one of the relay runners (not Bolt).

    [3] https://www.pemandu.gov.my/media-room-idris-jala-holds-no-shares-bfr/

    [4] https://www.pemandu.gov.my/pemandu-begins-transition/

    [5] http://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2016/12/01/idris-jala-to-become-heineken-malaysia-chairman/

  • How much did Pemandu Associates Sdn Bhd earn from organizing the Global Transformation Forum 2017?

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, Member of Parliament for Serdang, on the 27th of March, 2017

    How much did Pemandu Associates Sdn Bhd earn from organizing the Global Transformation Forum 2017?

    Tony Robbins is a household name among those who follow management trends and self-help coaches. He has been a life coach to movie stars such as Hugh Jackman and world class athletes including Andre Agassi. For US$650, you can get nosebleed seats to a 3 day “Unleash the Power Within” Tony Robbins seminar in New York later this year. For US$2995, you can have a seat on the floor and access to the Premier Lounge.[1]

    If Tony Robbins were to come to Malaysia, the private company which has to pay his appearance fee would have to charge very high ticket fees in order to cover their costs and to make a decent profit. It would be hard to imagine this private company getting any funding from the Malaysian government to organize such an event. Perhaps some private corporations may be inclined to sponsor such an event so that some of their management can have special access to the man himself. But the risks and the rewards of organizing such an event would be in private hands, with little or no government involvement.

    Malaysia now has its equivalent of a Tony Robbins ‘make yourself feel good session’ in the form of the Global Transformation Forum (GTF). The first forum was held in 2015 and the headliners to this forum included Arnold ‘the Terminator’ Schwarzenegger and former Olympians Carl Lewis and Sebastian Coe. Fast forward to 2017 and this year’s headliners include businessman and philanthropist Richard Branson and 8-time Olympic champion Usain Bolt.[2]

    For GTF 2015, ticket prices started at RM427 for a university student and went up to a maximum of RM1424 for a regular delegate (Figure 1). For GTF 2017, ticket prices were jacked up to a starting price of RM4,000 and went up to a maximum of RM10,000 (Figure 2).

    If this were a purely private event organized by a private company, this Member of Parliament would have no beef with the ticket prices nor with the hosting of the event itself. But this is not a purely private event. Nor was it funded purely by ticket sales to individuals and the private sector.

    Figure 1: Ticket prices for the Global Transformation Forum 2015

    Figure 2: Ticket prices for the Global Transformation Forum 2017

    The first issue I have with this event is that it involves taxpayers’ funds. The first GTF in 2015 was organized with a government subsidy of RM10 million (Figure 3). Despite the higher ticket prices in 2017, the government subsidy was increased to RM15 million (Figure 4).

    Figure 3: Parliamentary Reply on the cost to the taxpayer for organizing GTF 2015

    Figure 4: Parliamentary Reply on the cost to the taxpayer for organizing GTF 2017

    Since this event is mostly accessible to those who are affluent, because of the high ticket prices, it does not make sense for the government to pour in millions of Ringgit to subsidize this event organized by the rich, for the rich and of the rich. It makes even less sense that the government subsidy increased by 50% from RM10 million in 2015 to RM15 million in 2017 when ticket prices in 2017 have been raised significant and there are no discounts for students and the less affluent.

    The second issue I have with this event is that the revenue for GTF 2017 goes directly to a private company. GTF 2015 was organized by BFR Institute, a company which is 100% owned by PEMANDU Corp, which is a company limited by guarantee under the control of the Ministry of Finance Incorporated.[3] GTF 2017 is organized by PEMANDU Associates Sdn Bhd which is a private company that is co-owned by its CEO and President Dato Seri Idris Jala (Figure 5).

    Figure 5: Ownership of PEMANDU Associates Sdn Bhd (downloaded from the Companies Commission of Malaysia / Suruhanjaya Syarikat Malaysia website on the 26th of March, 2017)

    Since the GTF is no longer organized by BFR Institute, which is a government owned and government controlled company, but by a private company, namely PEMANDU Associates Sdn Bhd, how much of the sponsorship of this event, including the RM15 million set aside by the Government of Malaysia, which is going into the pockets of this private company that is co-owned by Idris Jala?

    The third issue I have with the GTF is that a private company, PEMANDU Associates, is using this publicly subsidized event to increase its own public profile, perhaps in the hope of selling its consultancy services to the government, Government Linked Companies (GLCs) and other companies.

    PEMANDU Associates was set up on the 16th of December 2016 as part of the transition for PEMANDU Corp to hand over its responsibilities back to the civil service. According to PEMANDU’s website, “all staff in PEMANDU and BFR Institute will move to PEMANDU Associates Sdn Bhd, a private consultancy firm newly established by PEMANDU management and staff”. In addition, “under our agreement with the Government on 5th January 2017, PEMANDU Associates will be deploying 45 people to the National Transformation Program (NTP) work under the supervision of the Civil Service Delivery Unit in 2017. This number will reduce to 30 in 2018. The current employees not deployed to the NTP work will be doing business development work, as well as to provide consultancy services to public sectors abroad and business turnaround”.[4]

    In other words, PEMANDU Associates will be paid by the Government of Malaysia in 2017 and 2018 for its consultancy services. This means that PEMANDU Associates will have access to the inner workings of various government ministries and agencies. As far as I know, Idris Jala, who was appointed as the Chairman of Heineken Malaysia as of the 1st of January, 2017[5], has not officially resigned from his position as CEO of PEMANDU Corporation or as chairman of the BFR Institute. What assurance is there that PEMANDU Associates will not abuse its position and knowledge of the civil service in order to sell its consultancy services to other government departments or private companies who want to have access to the civil service? The fact that Idris Jala has not clarified his position and role as the CEO and President of PEMANDU Associates Sdn Bhd, the CEO of PEMANDU Corporation, the Chairman of BFR Institute and the Chairman of Heineken Malaysia does not give any public assurance that conflicts of interest arising from the holding of these various positions will not arise.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    Member of Parliament for Serdang

    [1] https://www.tonyrobbins.com/events/unleash-the-power-within/new-york-area-07-20-2017/#pricing

    [2] One of Usain Bolt’s relay gold medals was recently taken away because of a positive drug test for one of the relay runners (not Bolt).

    [3] https://www.pemandu.gov.my/media-room-idris-jala-holds-no-shares-bfr/

    [4] https://www.pemandu.gov.my/pemandu-begins-transition/

    [5] http://www.thestar.com.my/business/business-news/2016/12/01/idris-jala-to-become-heineken-malaysia-chairman/

  • Why is the government of Malaysia spending RM15 million to subsidize an event for affluent Malaysians and big corporate organizations organized by a private company?

    Media Statement by Dr. Ong Kian Ming, MP for Serdang, on the 23rd of March, 2017

    Why is the government of Malaysia spending RM15 million to subsidize an event for affluent Malaysians and big corporate organizations organized by a private company?

    The Global Transformation Forum 2017, featuring internationally renowned speakers and celebrities such as Sir Richard Branson, Jack Ma and Usain Bolt, is currently taking place at the KL Convention Center from the 22nd to the 23rd of March, 2017.[1] It has a number of corporate sponsors including Tenaga, Hong Leong Bank, YTL, MMC Gamuda, KL Kepong and many others. The cost of entrance for this forum starts at RM4,000 for a basic package (“Club Pass”) and going up to RM10,000 for the most expensive package (“Signature Pass”). As of today, tickets for the Circle Pass (RM6,000) and the Signature Pass (RM10,000) has been sold out and only a limited number of Club Passes (“RM4,000) are left (See Figure 1 below).

    Figure 1: Cost and Benefits of the Club Pass, Circle Pass and Signature Pass packages for the Global Transformation Forum 2017

    If this was a purely private affair, organized by the private sector for the private sector, it would be no business of mine as a Member of Parliament (MP) to question the costs of organizing such an event. But a similar forum had previously been organized in 2015 at a cost of RM10 million to the taxpayer.

    In the parliamentary reply given to me today, the cost to the taxpayer for organizing this event has escalated to RM15 million! (See Appendix 1)

    When government funding to our universities and our hospitals are being cut left, right and center, and government subsidies for essentials such as sugar and cooking oil are being cut, why is the government subsidizing an event that will be almost exclusively attended by affluent and well-connected Malaysians? So that the Prime Minister will have more opportunities to take selfies with celebrities? This is a slap in the face of Malaysians who are suffering because of increases in the cost of living and cuts in government expenditure. The organizers of the event should be ashamed of themselves for asking the government for RM15 million to organize this forum for the rich, of the rich and by the rich.

    Dr. Ong Kian Ming
    Member of Parliament for Serdang

    [1] http://globaltransformation.com/

    Appendix 1: Answer to my Parliament Question of the Government Allocation for the Global Transformation Forum 2017

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